Can the end of thermal cars in Europe in 2035?

Debates promise to be tough in the European Parliament. Gathered in plenary session in Strasbourg, MEPs are due to vote on Wednesday, 8 June, on a number of measures climate package ». This set of laws aims to reduce European greenhouse gas emissions by at least 55% by 2030 and try to achieve carbon neutrality by 2050.

There are several proposals on the agenda. One of the flagship measures, very divisive in the program “fit for 55”, refers to the automotive industry. MEPs will debate a ban on selling thermal cars (petrol or diesel) or new hybrids from 2035. Second-hand sales would not be affected. People who bought a new thermal car before the ban will be able to continue driving with it beyond 2035.

The sequel after the announcement

Electric car: “The state must be the catalyst for change”

According to data from the European Parliament in 2022, the transport sector is the only one in which emissions have increased over the last three decades, with an increase of 33.5% between 1990 and 2019. Road transport accounts for about one-fifth of EU emissions, personal. cars at the top with 60.7% of the sector’s emissions.

Price 50% higher

“The car industry took this turn four years ago with extremely fast results,” explains to Franceinfo Luc Chatel, president of the Automotive Platform (PFA) and former minister of the Fillon governments, between 2007 and 2012. However, he believes that the transition to the all-electric is “a risky bet”. Because the price of an electric car is much higher than that of a thermal car:

“For the consumer, the electric car is 50% more expensive than a thermal car and today, according to a survey we conducted, 95% of French people find that electric vehicles are too expensive. »

According to Luc Chatel, the mass production of electric vehicles, de facto, lower your price. But it narrows the gap on gasoline or diesel cars “He will be several years old, five, six, seven years old”. Mainly because the ability of the industrial fabric to adapt and become electricity is “Another risky bet”. “The worst thing is that the car industry and the European states have spent hundreds of billions of euros and in the end there are no consumers and technically we can not do it. »

Installation difficulties

The ban on thermal vehicles also raises questions and the sector still faces many challenges. First about the offer: “If electric cars are kept as they are – SUVs with large batteries – we will not have the raw materials to meet production requirements in 2035”, tells “Liberation” Nicolas Meilhan, a consultant for the consulting firm EV-Volumes, a specialist in the electric car sector. Among other things, it is the battery components (lithium, cobalt and nickel), mostly imported, that would run out. Not to mention the rising price of these metals.

The sequel after the announcement

The galley of terminals for electric cars: the reasons for the French delay

This is not the only obstacle to the development of this sector. We must also take into account the lack of autonomy of vehicles. Not to mention that the end of the battery life cycle is also problematic, as lithium is still recycled very little. By 2030, the European Union plans to require carmakers to use 4% recycled lithium in new batteries and 10% by 2035.

Who says electric vehicle also says recharging points. According to the latest barometer from Ave France, an association for the development of electric mobility, France currently has 58,000 terminals. It will take six more times in 2030 seconds Release », citing the NGO International Council on Clean Transportation. On a European scale, the Renault group has around 200,000 public charging stations. By 2030, three million public terminals will have to be deployed in Europe to supply the 44 million electric vehicles.

“Indispensable condition”

Among politicians, the measure is far from unanimous, and some believe the measure would further elevate cars to the rank of luxury product. “The European Union will turn cars into luxury items that the middle class can no longer afford”denounced Marine Le Pen in March, at a meeting in Saint-Martin-Lacaussade.

The market share of electric cars has doubled in one year in Europe

-50% the first year with Google

By choosing this promotional subscription route, you agree to Google’s deposit of an analysis cookie.

“It may seem far away, but 13 years to completely transform the largest industry in terms of jobs in Europe is obviously extremely fast.”, Renew (Liberal political group) and chairman of the European Parliament’s Environment Committee Pascal Canfin told Franceinfo. For him, this Wednesday’s vote will be “The most massive vote on climate”.

The sequel after the announcement

For the Climate Action Network, this ban is ” essential condition for making low-emission vehicles accessible to homes and accelerating the transition of the sector “. The vote on this measure promises to be adjusted.

Leave a Comment