The European Parliament has voted this Wednesday to end the marketing of heat engine models from 2035. An early decision a few months ago by manufacturers.
They did not wait for the final vote in the European Parliament on Wednesday. Since the announcement of the plan to ban the sale of thermal vehicles in Europe in 2035, in mid-July 2021, many manufacturers have begun a broad turn towards the electric car.
Most large groups have announced for the past year the ambition to stop offering ranges without petrol or diesel, and without hybrids in Europe. A transition that will often take place before 2035. These decisions should make it possible to optimize the development costs of the electric car – through the massification of sales – while reducing, or even eliminating, investment in development. of internal combustion engines and decontamination. However, the United States, China and other markets will still need combustion engines in 2035.
Renault and Peugeot 100% electric in 2030
If he is one of the leaders of the most critical manufacturers in the mandatory transition to electricity, Carlos Tavares has not taken less. In March, the CEO of Stellantis announced that by 2030, the group will only market 100% electric vehicles.
“All launches in Europe will be 100% electric vehicles from 2026,” Carlos Tavares said at the time.
Thus, the thermal ranges will gradually fade. Some brands will even make the move much earlier.
Like Maserati, the first of the group’s fourteen brands to launch only 100% electric vehicles from 2024. Then it’s Stellantis’ premium manufacturers that will switch to “zero emissions”. The new DS models from 2024, Lancia in 2026 and Alfa Romeo in 2027.
Generalist brands will be fully electric from 2028, with Opel, then Peugeot and Fiat in 2030. The exception that proves the rule: Citroën. Chevron brand leaders have announced their intention to end heat engines but without giving a precise timetable.
Within the other French group, Renault, the transition to electricity has accelerated since last year. A pioneer of the electric car, Renault will only market this type of vehicle in 2030 in Europe. The Alpine sports label will begin its conversion much earlier: in 2025, all three models will be electric. Only Dacia, although the brand is marketing the Spring, has not yet announced a completely zero change of emissions. Its positioning of prices weighs in this decision, the electrical technology being at the moment always more expensive than the thermal one.
Among the other generalist brands, Volvo in 2025 and Ford in 2030 will only offer electric cars on the old continent.
Others so far have been more pending. Hyundai was therefore delaying and betting so far for 2040 on sales only in electricity, according to market developments. A timetable now modified according to the latest European decision but also for the appetite of consumers. Since January, 40% of the cars ordered from Hyundai have actually been electric cars.
In September 2021, the sister brand Kia had confirmed its exit from the thermal in 2035. The Japanese Toyota, a pioneer of the hybrid, had not given any strategic plan to exit the thermal in Europe. The brand is just starting to offer 100% electric cars.
More waiting waits
This attitude of waiting and watching is also found among German and sports brands. Synthetic fuel, given the rechargeable hybrid engines, German brands have proposed many solutions to not completely cut off the heat engine, even if they run in parallel with the electric, such as Porsche or BMW.
This is also the case with Volkswagen. The German group has announced a € 89 billion plan for the electric car over the next five years, but the timetable remains vague on the arrival of a range without a heat engine. In the German press last summer, VW sales director Klaus Zellmer had 2033 to 2035 to leave this market. The group’s premium label, Audi, had set a slightly clearer timetable: Audi aims to sell only electric vehicles by 2033, but will stop developing new combustion engines for Europe from 2026. Mercedes, in change, introduces it in 2030 to only sell electric cars like Bentley and Mini on the British side. Five years after Jaguar.
Overall, while some brands will continue to develop thermal models for non-European markets, all or almost all will offer electric models. Even Rolls Royce. In 2023, the British ultraluxe brand will present Specter, its first 100% electric production model.