In the metropolis of Lyon, INSEE figures indicate an overall decline in car use for business travel between 2008 and 2018. It is especially pronounced in the center of Lyon. At a time when there is talk of excluding private polluting vehicles from the ZFE, it can be seen that car use, however, has advanced in certain municipalities in the agglomeration, especially in the east.
+21 points. This is the maximum change in car use between 2008 and 2018 in a municipality in the Lyon metropolitan area. It is in Saint-Romain-au-Mont-d’Or where it passes. During this period, the use of the car for professional mobility (commuting) decreased by about two-thirds of the municipalities in metropolitan France. Saint-Romain-au-Mont-d’Or is, therefore, almost an exception.
In contrast, in Lyon 3rd, the proportion of workers who used the car to go to work fell by about 15 points during the same period. Like all the districts of Lyon and much of the municipalities of the metropolis. In the sharpest declines in car use, we also find other districts of Lyon:
- 7th district : – 11.6 points
- 8th district : -11.4 points
- 6th district : -10.7 points
The car also retreats west of Lyon
Some of the strongest increases in car use are seen in west Lyon. Sant Romain i Couzon-au-Mont-d’Or (+4.3 points) or even La-Tour-de-Salvagny (+4.6 points). But overall, in this rich sector with no solid public transport lines (metro or tram), car use is declining. In particular in the municipalities closest to Lyon:
- -11 points a Saint-Cyr-au-Mont-d’Or
- -5 points a Champagne-au-Mont-d’Or
- -4.8 points a Ecully
- -4 points a Dardilly
However, the car is still the preferred mode in this sector of the metropolis of Lyon. With an average of between 65 and 75% of working people going mainly to work in 2018 with this means of transport. Frédérique Bienvenüe, co-president of the “La Ville à vélo” association, told us that, logically, as a general rule, “the presence of public transport reduces the share of cars and bicycles”.
In the absence of strong TCL lines in the sector, how can this decline in the car in certain municipalities in western Lyon between 2008 and 2018 be explained? Perhaps we can see in this an effect of the implementation during the period of the tram-train in the west of Lyon. In addition, in these municipalities, INSEE figures show an increase in the proportion of workers going to work in public transport.