Fuel: from the choice of vehicle engines

• Gasoline is cheaper and less polluting

• The diesel engine is stronger and less greedy

• Hybrid vehicles have a longer service life

With regular maintenance, starting with filters and oil changes, a gasoline engine can easily reach and exceed 200,000 km. (Tel .: Yvan SAMA)

Gasoline, diesel or hybrid, which engine to choose? The answer to this question is not always obvious, as each vehicle has its advantages and disadvantages. Even at ARTI Sarl, a company that supplies and distributes spare parts for cars and industrials, based in the center of Ouagadougou for almost 40 years, we remain cautious. “Various parameters must be taken into account,” said Eliahou Haroun Sanou, technical and commercial manager. Things would be easier if we knew these different engines.
Commonly called a gasoline engine, it is a 2- or 4-stroke internal thermal combustion engine that uses a light fuel: gasoline. Often, a gasoline car is cheaper to buy. In addition, it achieves its power without a heating lap. Thus, it can attract an urban clientele, and be especially useful when making short regular trips, especially in the city. In addition, a gasoline car is considered less polluting and also less expensive to maintain. Not to mention another advantage: the price of a liter of unleaded gasoline, which is now almost a liter of diesel. With regular maintenance, starting with filters and oil changes, a gasoline engine can easily reach and exceed 200,000 km. However, it will not be free of various electronic problems or breakdowns and your maximum mileage will often be lower than that of your competitor.

Eliahou Haroun Sanou, ARTI Sarl: “Various parameters must be taken into account when choosing a vehicle”

The diesel engine, named after the work of German engineer Rudolf Diesel, also known as the compression ignition engine, is a combustion and explosion engine whose combustion is activated when fuel is injected into the chamber. combustion, due to a self-ignition phenomenon linked to high temperatures. Glow plugs are often used for small cold start engines, which create a hot spot that helps activate the ignition of the air-fuel mixture. The diesel engine can be two-stroke or four-stroke, especially in road vehicles and most boats.
The main advantage that encourages a motorist to opt for a diesel car is, without a doubt, the low fuel consumption. A diesel car will consume up to 20% less gasoline than a conventional car and the price at the diesel pump is lower than the others. A diesel engine will last longer on average than a traditional gasoline engine. Because this engine heats up less, it can easily reach 200,000 miles, and even 300,000. Despite its long-term and long-distance benefits, the purchase price of a new or used diesel car is higher than that of most other traditional cars. Maintenance costs are also generally more expensive. Repairs require experience and often specific parts. The diesel car will, in most cases, be noisier than its gasoline counterparts and remain more polluting.

Choose according to …
In a car with a hybrid engine, there are 2 propulsion trains (GMP) used in synergy. It is currently a 4-stroke internal combustion engine associated with a battery-powered electric machine, or even an on-board fuel cell (PAC). Therefore, a hybrid car has two engines on board, a heat engine and an electric unit. They can be articulated differently depending on the hybrid technology developed by the manufacturer. A classic hybrid car does not consume fuel below 30 to 50 km / h, when the battery level allows it.
The classic hybrid car has, among other advantages, reduced fuel consumption; saving brake pads thanks to regenerative braking; comfort of driving in the city at low speed; reduced maintenance; a longer service life than a conventional thermal vehicle … However, the hybrid car has a slightly higher purchase price than a 100% thermal model; low battery capacity which is expensive; exclusive use of gasoline as primary energy; lack of recharging the battery at high speed and during trips without regular braking or deceleration.
Martín SAMA

Edition number: 442

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