Inter-Environnement Wallonie and Bond Beter Leefmilieu estimate the cost of the obligation to incorporate biofuels in Belgium at 1 billion euros.
Studies comparing the prices of biofuels and fossil fuels are few and far between, given the evolution of prices. Inter-Environment Wallonia (IEW) and Bond Beter Leefmilieu (BBL) however, they have taken a risk with exercise. The result of theirs estimationthat L’Echo was able to meet? The total additional cost of the mandatory incorporation of biofuels is about 1 billion euros per yearat the expense of Belgian consumers.
“The war in Ukraine is reviving the food security debate as a global food price crisis unfolds.”
“The rise in prices as a result of the The war in Ukraine has affected both fossil fuels and the raw materials used as a basis for biofuels: The additional cost remains around 10 cents per liter for B7 diesel as well as E10 petrol, “says Noah Lecocq, head of climate and mobility at OIS.” On the other hand, this war. reactivates the debate on food security, as a global food price crisis is taking place. Ukraine was an exporter of rapeseed, Indonesia banned palm oil exports and India banned wheat. “
Based on a previous study, IEW and BBL also claim that biodiesels sold in Belgian bombs cause a surplus of greenhouse gas emissions, in particular because they are composed of a large part of palm and soybean, which they cause deforestation and change. in land use.
The two environmental associations therefore call for making the most of the flexibilities provided for in European legislation, which allow reduce the percentage of incorporation if we do not use first-generation biofuels, that is, produced from food crops. “This would reduce the rate of incorporation of biofuels to 1.75% instead of the 10.45% currently forecast by Belgium for 2030,” says Noé Lecocq.
For Energy (the former Belgian Petroleum Federation), the flexibility offered by the European directive is not so clear or desirable. “We are agree in principle reduce the use of first-generation biofuels and those that carry a high risk of land use change, ”said Jean-Benoît Schrans, spokesman for Energy. “But we also have to ask ourselves the question of principle of reality: this cannot be done by replacing them with fossils. “
“He agreed to reduce the use of first-generation biofuels. But that can’t be done by replacing them with fossil fuels.”
Energy challenges claim that biofuels cause as much or more emissions than fossil fuels. “HVO, made from waste, reduces emissions by up to 90% compared to conventional diesel,” says Jean-Benoît Schrans. A study by our European federation even shows that, throughout its life cycle, a plug-in hybrid car powered by HVO emits 20% less than a battery-powered electric car, while with a conventional diesel, the emissions of the hybrid car will be. be 20% higher than the electric car “.
Dissensions within the Vivaldi
the Belgian governmentwhich he had decided in September the phasing out of biofuels produced from palm oil and soybeans has not yet passed the measure into legislation, because there is still discussion about how to proceed between the majority parties. A majority that it is also difficult to agree on the transposition of the Second Renewable Energy Directive and on a possible reduction in the percentages of compulsory incorporation. A context that explains the new offensive of environmental associations.
- Inter-Environnement Wallonie and Bond Beter Leefmilieu estimate the additional cost of the mandatory incorporation of biofuels at 1 billion euros per year.
- The war in Ukraine has not fundamentally changed the situation, as rising prices have affected both fossil fuels and the raw materials used as a basis for biofuels.
- On the other hand, it revives the debate on food security, underlines Inter-Environnement, which calls for a reduction in the percentage of compulsory incorporation.
- Majority parties are struggling to agree on the issue.