Why choose a plug-in hybrid car? – DOWNSHIFT.FR | Automotive news that doesn’t matter!

If electricity and hydrogen are really the future of the automobile, the hybrid car is a necessary step to make the energy transition in the transportation sector. In fact, if the electric, a more mature technology than hydrogen, remains a more expensive type of vehicle than a combustion engine vehicle, the hybrid represents a happy middle ground between environmental and financial considerations.

When it comes to hybrids, manufacturers offer a large number of vehicles. Also, the term “rechargeable hybrids” is becoming more common in conversations, but what is this type of vehicle and why is it still one of the most interesting types of vehicles at the moment?

How does a hybrid car work?

Engines

The peculiarity of a hybrid car is that it does not have one, however two engines. In fact, in addition to a heat engine, the hybrid also incorporates an electric motor, which runs on a battery, but they they do not work at the same time.

Depending on speed, battery level, traffic conditions, and driver needs, one of the engines shuts down to allow the other to take over.

Precisely at this level, if the battery is still full, it is the electric motor that drives the vehicle at low speed.

Energies

Therefore, a hybrid car has a heat engine and an electric motor. And each of these two engines draws the energy needed to operate from a different source.

  1. For the heat engine, the energy used is fuel (gasoline, diesel or biofuel). Therefore, a hybrid vehicle has a fuel tank as well as all the technologies that can be found in a thermal vehicle.
  2. As for the electric motor, it extracts the energy needed for its operation from an integrated battery, different from the one used to start the internal combustion engine. It is important to clarify that the battery is not a source of power, but one tank. It should be recharged regularly.

In non-rechargeable hybrid cars, the battery is recharged using a generator built into the internal combustion engine. So as soon as it starts up, the battery automatically recharges. Depending on the model, the battery can be recharged with the regenerative braking.

A plug-in hybrid car also uses these different charging techniques. Where it makes a difference is that it also has a cable charging system that you can connect to a charging station.

What are the benefits of the hybrid car?

We talk about the electric car as the future of the car and everything suggests that this will be the case. However, despite its appreciable cleanliness and silence, it must be acknowledged that the electric sometimes lacks autonomy.

So for now, the electric car is still a city car or at least for short trips. For long trips, nothing better than the autonomy of thermal models.

This is where the hybrid comes in as the inescapable step of this energy transition. Combining the cleanliness of an electric motor and the autonomy of a combustion engine, it adapts to all needs.

We can also talk about it consumption which is also a big strong point for the hybrid. In fact, because the internal combustion engine and the electric one run alternately, even on long journeys, hybrid cars consume little fuel. And the less fuel the car consumes, the less it pollutes.

In fact, opting for a plug-in hybrid car is definitely the smartest option if you want to buy a new car in the coming months. Indeed, a plug-in hybrid car combines the advantages of a combustion engine and an electric one, while offering you the possibility of recharging the battery to consume less. Therefore, it can be used as a 100% electric vehicle, without noise and without pollution.

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