A lesser-known electric car option, the plug-in hybrid, combines the best of electric and gasoline vehicles. PHEVs act as electric cars in the city and as gasoline vehicles on road trips.
This guide will explore the basics of PHEVs. We’ll cover the pros and cons, the best way to charge your plug-in hybrid, and everything you need to know to decide if it’s right for you.
Plug-in hybrid basics
Before we introduce a plug-in hybrid, we first need to talk to you about hybrid cars.
Hybrids entered the US market when the quirky first-generation Honda HMC,
Insight first rolled out its covered wheels in dealer lots in 1999. The ToyotaTM,
The Prius followed in the year 2000. Most Americans have a good idea of what hybrids offer.
Traditional hybrids use a gasoline engine and a small electric motor powered by a small battery. They can run with their electric motor at the speed of the neighborhood. But once a car accelerates beyond about 30 mph, its gasoline engine will start.
Hybrids recharge their batteries by capturing some of the energy from their brakes. The process, called regenerative braking, provides them with excellent gas mileage.
The Hyundai HYMTF,
The Elantra compact car, for example, gets 33 mpg in the city and 43 mpg on the highway in its traditional form of fuel. But the Elantra Hybrid gets 53 mpg more impressive in the city and 56 mpg on the highway.
PHEVs work differently. A PHEV also uses a gasoline engine, an electric motor, and a battery. But its electric motor is more powerful. A plug-in hybrid battery is much larger, closer to that found in a pure electric vehicle (EV) like a Tesla TSLA,
Learn more: What is an EV, BEV, HEV, PHEV? Here is your guide to the types of electric cars
A PHEV can accelerate to its maximum speed using only electrical power. The plug-in gasoline engine starts when the battery is almost empty. The exact distance they can cover with electricity alone varies depending on the vehicle, the weather and the driving conditions. But most manufacturers advertise an electric-only range of 25 to 35 miles. Most drivers in practice get a slightly lower but similar figure.
According to the U.S. Department of Transportation, most Americans travel less than 25 miles a day. So having a PHEV works a lot like having an electric car on a day to day basis. Your results may vary, but many of us could go to work, take the kids to school, and do our daily errands in a PHEV without using a drop of gas.
But PHEV owners don’t have to worry about scope limitations as EV owners do. You can take a weekend or a road trip without any hassles at your PHEV. You will only hear the gas engine start around mile 27.
PHEVs cannot get all the electricity they need from regenerative braking. They are charged with a plug just like electric vehicles do.
What type of PHEV should I buy?
In 2022, you will find plug-in hybrids available in most vehicle categories, from compact SUVs to luxury SUVs.
Are you looking for a family sedan? The Toyota Prius Prime or Hyundai Ioniq PHEV will probably do the trick.
Need a compact crossover? How about a Toyota RAV4 Prime (winner of the best purchase among Kelley Blue Book PHEVs) or the new Hyundai Tucson PHEV? If you care about home shopping, the Ford Escape PHEV has a battery life of only 37 miles.
If you need a bigger SUV, the Lincoln Aviator Grand Touring includes a PHEV transmission and can tow up to 6,700 pounds.
The Chrysler Pacifica PHEV has covered minivan buyers.
Going off-road? The Jeep Wrangler 4xe (Jeep is said to be called “4-by-E”) offers 22 miles of electric range, and going off-road in the near-silence of electric driving offers an almost mystical experience. You can hear the streams you are crossing. The sound of your engine does not frighten wildlife.
BMW and Audi make PHEV versions of many of their cars and SUVs among luxury carmakers. Even super luxury manufacturers are building PHEV. The Bentley Bentayga PHEV gets the equivalent of 46 mpg, better than the 18 mpg of the standard Bentayga.
PHEVs can be as cheap as the starting price of $ 26,700 for the Ioniq or as expensive as the Ferrari RACE if you have to ask, you can’t afford it.
SF90 Stradale (986 horsepower and an electric range of 8 miles).
A plug-in hybrid pickup truck or van has not yet hit the U.S. market, but a persistent rumor has circulated in the auto industry, according to Ford F,
will introduce a PHEV Ranger pickup truck in a year or two.
Do PHEVs have tax exemptions for electric cars?
When considering the price, remember that many ORVs can get a federal tax refund of up to $ 7,500.
The incentive begins to expire after an automaker has sold 200,000 qualified cars, so not all PHEVs on the market are eligible for the full amount. However, most do.
State and local rebates and other incentives designed to encourage you to buy a more fuel-efficient car can also help cover costs. Some electric companies even offer incentives for PHEV buyers; after all, they would like you to compress more energy and less gas.
Do I need an EV charger?
PHEVs come with chargers and you’ll want one. They can be charged from a standard wall outlet, but they will do so slowly.
Because they have so many different battery sizes, it is impossible to give a simple estimate of how long the PHEV will charge on average and under different conditions. Most manufacturers only disclose battery charging time in a commercial level 3 fast charger if they post a charging time. These use direct current and it is not possible to install one in your home.
ChargePoint, an electric car charging network designed for commercial businesses, tested on a 2018 Mitsubishi Outlander PHEV. Its results indicate that the Mitsubishi was fully charged from a standard home outlet, or charger. level 1, in about eight hours. Using a level 2 charger or an outlet similar to the one you would use for a tumble dryer, the Mitsubishi MMTOF,
fully charged in less than four hours. Plugged into a Level 3 commercial charger like the ones you see outside of malls and other retail stores and grocery stores, the electric vehicle charged 80% of its batteries in 25 minutes.
Maybe please charge your PHEV overnight with a standard wall outlet. But if you want to be able to charge quickly, you’ll need to install a Level 2 charger. Most car dealerships can arrange this as part of the sale and incorporate the cost into the purchase price.
Roommates may ask their management company to install one if the building does not yet provide one. Some building owners may be happy to offer it as a convenience, and the programs offered by power companies can significantly reduce their cost.
Pros of PHEV
1. Cost of driving
Electricity costs less than gasoline. Driving a PHEV will allow you to use the cheapest driving fuel available for most of your daily needs.
2. Reduce your carbon footprint
Many car buyers choose an electric vehicle because they like to reduce their daily emissions. Every little gesture counts.
3. It prepares you for the EV transition
Most carmakers plan to transition to a line of all-electric vehicles or mostly over the next decade. But U.S. cargo infrastructure needs to be upgraded. Choosing a PHEV as your next car means you can easily drive through today’s heavy gas station infrastructure, while being ready for a decade now when chargers are more common than petrol pumps.
4. Survive power outages and gas shortages
Electric vehicle owners fear losing their means of transportation during a prolonged power outage. Gas car owners are concerned about rising gasoline prices, which will accompany us intermittently for the rest of our lives. PHEV owners can use any fuel source whichever is cheaper and available at the moment.
5. Get this important tax deduction
Most new PHEVs for sale are still eligible for a federal tax refund of up to $ 7,500. When you file your taxes, you receive money and the credit helps to defer the higher price of PHEV vehicles.
See: Toyota will soon maximize its tax credits for electric vehicles
Disadvantages of PHEV
1. Initial cost
The plug-in hybrid version of a car can cost thousands of dollars more than a comparable gasoline vehicle. The Lincoln Aviator, with a 3.0-liter V6 engine, starts at $ 51,780 (plus a $ 1,195 destination charge). The price of the Aviator Grand Touring PHEV starts at $ 68,680. Such large price differences are not unusual.
More pieces means more can be broken. Electric motors and batteries offer very low failure rates, but repairing a 2-piece transmission can cost more than repairing a simple gas transmission as your car ages.
3. You can install a quick charger
PHEVs can be loaded from a standard wall outlet. But not fast enough for many drivers. You may need to consider the added cost and hassle of installing a quick charger at home or working with your building owner or manager to access it.
4. Unknowns about the resale value of PHEV
PHEVs are a new technology that is not yet present in the used market, so it is difficult to predict their resale value. It should be noted, however, that skeptics raised this concern in the early days of hybrid technology, and it was shown that hybrids maintain their resale value at near-normal levels.
This story originally took place Autotrader.com.