Electrifying the car fleet is a global goal. The means to achieve this are plural. This is what emerges from the work of an observatory formed by Avere-France (National Association for the Development of Electric Mobility) and the law firm De Gaulle Fleurance and Associates, which is published this Thursday, June 2.
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The survey, fueled by the contributions of six other foreign companies, updates the different electrification strategies of the vehicle fleet in France, Germany, Poland, as well as in Turkey, India, China and Saudi Arabia.
France rather favored
Worldwide, six million electric vehicles (including plug-in hybrids) were sold in 2021, twice as many as the previous year. They represent 12% of the market. In France, with 315,000 vehicles sold, and electric vehicles account for 15% of the market.
Unconditional financial aid has encouraged its purchase, as well as a 64% increase in recharging points open to the public between 2020 and 2021. “In terms of support, we are among the top three in Europeexplains Cécile Goubert, General Delegate of Avere-France, with a good knowledge of the uses: roads, main roads, collective residential … This approach allows to reflect on the different needs of recharging ”.
Today, there are about 60,000 charging stations open to the public in France. “We will have to double that figure in 2025.warns Cécile Goubert, and stay steady to double it again by 2030 “.
In Turkey, we think about loading first
In Germany during the first quarter of 2022, the market share of electric vehicles has already reached 25%. The country offers additional non-monetary incentives, such as the possibility of electric vehicles running on bus lanes. “This idea may seem appropriate in France, where we like to sneaksmiles Sylvie Perrin, associate lawyer for De Gaulle Fleurance and associates. However, it was the German mentality, perhaps more collective, that allowed its adoption..
Another member of the European Union, Poland, wants to speed up the greening of its car fleet. Municipalities with more than 100,000 inhabitants must install at least 60 public recharging points. To facilitate its installation, the Polish legislature exempts the network operator from applying for a building permit.
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In Turkey, the effort is also focused on infrastructure. “It simply came to our notice thenexplains Sylvie Perrin, for wanting to have a recharging network before the electric vehicle fleet exists ”. As of March 2022, grants cover up to 75% of the costs of fast charging stations. A regulation that opens a door to the American Tesla, in the process of deploying its network.
380 builders in India
The world’s leading electric vehicle market remains China. The country has combined policies that restrict the purchase of gasoline vehicles and incentives (individuals do not have to apply for a permit to install charging infrastructure, free license plates, etc.) and has sold three million electric vehicles in 2021 , that is, half of global sales. .
The other mainland giant, India, is not at this level but aims to catch up: among other measures, the one that offers electric vehicle drivers a 50% reduction in toll sections. One feature of the country is the fragmentation of supply: the aid offered for research and development has allowed the emergence of hundreds of companies. In July 2021, there were 380 local builders!
The European Union is hesitant
Even oil-rich Saudi Arabia is not immune to electrification. The kingdom, which targets 30% of electric vehicles in circulation in Riyadh, has reached an agreement with Japanese manufacturers to deploy fast charging stations. Neom, a city under construction that is committed to carbon neutrality, will only allow electric vehicles.
The European Union continues to doubt the date on which it will ban internal combustion engines. France is fighting for the horizon to be in 2040. It faces the inclinations of other members of the Union, who would prefer 2035. The debate should be resolved during the month of June by the European Parliament.