Who will pay for the electric car at 100 euros a month?

DAlong with Bercy, it is being phosphorized right now to find the right way to implement this plan without swallowing up state funds. If the timetable and methods of application of the promise made by Emmanuel Macron to offer the less favored French the possibility of driving for 100 euros per month, it remains to define the method.

It has a bit of an air of “one euro permit” (per day, ed.) That emerged in 2006 and was renewed in 2016 to finance the cost of training and the zero-rate exam. This time, the holders of the new permit, but also those of the pink card with modest income, could return to the wheel of a new 100% electric car to complement the government’s decarbonisation plan, at the seemingly unbeatable price of 100 euros . euros per month.

Initiated by Anne Hidalgo, who had the first one, the idea seems like a yellow anti-vest weapon. But it would not be reserved in the province, the selection criteria of 100,000 candidates per year based on the need to travel to work and low income. According to which grid? It is all the work done by Bercy that should not unbalance a system as was the case with scrapping bonuses.

With a need, to deter bounty hunters who, with a little trick or luck to meet all the conditions, could accumulate, with the premium for the scrapping of an old vehicle, up to 11,000 euros in public aid for the new. In the wake of bonuses, it is, therefore, the rather affluent households that have bought electric vehicles and not the least favored.

Expensive technology

The electric car, reduced to the status of a rich man’s car, is nevertheless a reality, this expensive technology irrigates the car for the top of the range, the most suitable to digest the additional cost. But this observation is less and less confirmed by the low-cost offers of certain manufacturers, urged by the EU to sell zero-emission cars “at all costs”. Under penalty of having to pay heavy fines.

What about a Nissan Leaf, a family sedan, rented for only 99 euros / month? The program extends over three and a half years with a maximum of 30,000 km. At the end of the lease, the manufacturer recovers your car and deducts repair costs.

Who will pay for the wrinkled wing or the faded cabin? The plan does not yet say so, but it does make a hypothesis for the charge of the initial contribution. Thus, the modest Dacia Spring will have to enter a first rent of 7,700 euros to leave behind the wheel. This first rent, which is the contribution, is guaranteed by the Caisse des dépôts “for couples earning the minimum wage or a little more,” Emmanuel Macron said in late April.

Look for the plug

Here public subsidies would intervene to reduce or even cancel the amount in the case of a motorist with a modest income. Then he will have to pay 120 euros a month for four years and not exceed 40,000 kilometers. To save fuel, of course. The car will then return to Dacia or the leasing company, but at this stage no one knows yet if this French-inspired car, but made in China, will be eligible.

The other problem is that the semiconductor crisis and the difficulties that the car industry is now facing with the drying up of production do not really bet on this mass plan that still targets 100,000 cars in the first year. With an estimated budget of 50 million euros, this is 500 euros of aid per car per year, which seems ridiculous. Mostly because this “social lease” is fueled primarily by mid-range and high-end cars, of which, by the way, a third of the value lies in the batteries that are often produced in China.

All this seems acrobatic but also aims, at a time when the ZFE (low emission zones) are being installed in large cities, to offer an alternative to the diesel that will be banned. The extremely complex puzzle is struggling to get started and runs the risk, once again, of favoring the citizen over the rural. Except when you need to recharge your batteries where the benefit will change in the province and its most accessible outlets.

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