Just like gasoline or diesel cars go to the pump to refuel,
electric cars need charging stations to replenish electricity. While finding a gas station is a breeze,
public charging stations
for electric cars, on the other hand, do not drive on the streets.
In this context, installing a charging station at home can therefore be the right solution … You still need to know which system to choose!
In this complete guide, we will see:
- What are the different charging stations and plugs for electric cars?
- Which charging station to choose?
- How much does it cost on average to install a charging station?
- What is the cost of charging at a public terminal?
You can also find a lot of additional information on our electricity pages at autosphere.fr
The 2 types of charging points for electric cars: public and private
Electric car charging stations – and plugs – can be public (self-service, state-owned) or private (you have your own station). Understanding the difference between these 2 types of terminals is
essential to fully understand the operation of this equipment.
Domestic recharging points
Upload at home
is still the most common form of charging among electric car owners. They allow the
charging the hybrid or electric vehicle at home
. There are several loading solutions:
- Charging via standard household plug
- Load by means of reinforced domestic plug
- Recharge using a fast charging station called Wallbox
- Charging by collective charging station
Charging an electric car using a standard socket
This type of upload is
not recommended by security professionals
, is only recommended for exceptional cases because it is not designed to withstand high currents for hours. This option has the advantage of being
cheaper because the socket is already installed. On the other hand, she
requires much longer charging time. 10 am on average compared to the 4 hours of an optimized charging station.
Charging by means of a reinforced plug
Reinforced or secure grip is
specifically designed to charge an electric car.
The installation of this type of safe charging station protects against the risks associated with the intensive use of a normal or normal plug.
Green’up access allows, for example, to load according to standards (IP66) although its optimization is still relative. It usually takes between
7 to 9 am so that the electric vehicle is fully charged. Once the car is recharged, the power is scheduled to turn off.
Charging via the fast charging station called Wallbox (wall box)
Wallbox charging stations are
recommended by a large number of professionals
. It is the charging device of an electric car the safest. It is also one of the fastest!
Unlike a home outlet limited to 10 amps in France, the wallbox can be recharged at
16A or more depending on the model and the existing electrical subscription. Account
between 3 and 5 hours
for full charge of the electric vehicle
. You can also opt for remote control or monitoring to control your Wallbox terminal.
Charging through a public terminal
The so-called collective terminals
they are usually installed in a private car park. They are
intended for co-owners. Apart from a few details, they have the same features as a Wallbox terminal. However, they take up more space and work with a remote reading system and
Public charging stations
All public charging stations are generally
listed on Internet platforms
(e.g. ChargeMap or data gouv.fr).
Where can I Find a Public Charging Station?
- In public car parks
- On the roads
- In shops and malls
Public charging stations are mainly in public car parks. Some are free and some are paid.
charging points on the street
they are few in number. Of course, the network is much more developed in Paris with the Autolib service. To load, you need
have a free or paid access card.
Commercial establishments are becoming more equipped
electric car charging points
. The goal is for customers to recharge their car while they shop. A simple one
badge or access code enough to access the terminals.
Why recharge in a public terminal?
Public terminals have the advantage of providing high-intensity direct current. Result?
Much faster loading of your electric vehicle. For example, in this type of terminal a Renault Zoé is recharged
80% en 1 hour and 10 minutes. However, the charging time varies depending on the charging station. Some are equipped
fashion 3 (normal load) and other equipment
fashion 4 (fast loading).
Which charging station to choose?
Since charging stations do not have the same charging power, you should choose the one that suits you best. Please note the following:
- The type of vehicle you are using
- Daily mileage
Why consider your vehicle?
It is important to emphasize this
the power of the load depends on the model of car you have
. For example, some car models, particularly plug-in hybrids, limit the load power to 3 KW regardless of the terminal used. Therefore, a higher power limit is useless in this particular case.
Check the maximum load power of your vehicle
it is essential for choosing a terminal.
Why consider your daily mileage?
Your use of your vehicle is a factor to consider when choosing your charging station. Another example! Recharge your vehicle every day with a range of 300 km per day. Finally, only 30 do you need to opt for a high power terminal?
The answer is no! A
a reinforced plug or a 3.7 KW power terminal will do the job perfectly
– and it will save you money. Consider the following estimates:
- To 2.2 KW reinforced outlet, one hour of charging is equivalent to 10 km of autonomy.
- To 3.7 KW terminal, 15 km of autonomy for each hour of loading.
- To 7.4 KW terminal, you gain 30 km of autonomy per hour of charging.
- To 11 KW terminal, 60 km load per hour
- To 22 KW terminal, 120 km per hour of loading
Public and private recharging point: what is the cost?
How much does it cost to install a charging station at home? What is the cost of charging at a public terminal? Although the electric car charging station at home is, in the long run, the most economical solution, it still represents a significant investment. For its part, the price of recharging in the public terminal remains affordable.
Price of a home charging station
The costs of installing a home charging station depend on two main criteria:
- The material chosen
- The configuration of your electrical installation
Knowing that it is not advisable to charge your electric vehicle with a simple power outlet, you can choose between:
- A reinforced dam : is the most economical solution, count on the
420 € VAT included
- A wallbox : by a power of
7 KW in single phaseaverage prices are usually between a
€ 1,210 taxes included and € 1,250 taxes included.
If your house has one
three-phase electrical installationyou can opt for a higher power wall terminal
(22 kW). For this type of installation, we see a basic price of € 1,960 taxes included and one average price of € 2,300 taxes included.
In which cases can you benefit from state aid?
If you are renting, owning, or occupying your primary residence for free, you may benefit from
tax credit for the installation of an electric car charging station. This credit is fine
75% of expenses due to this installation
€ 300 limit per charging station.
In addition, the program
FUTURE accompanies up to 50% social owners, individuals and others who install
recharging points (collective, individual or shared)
within a collective housing.
Recharge price at a public station
Charging prices on public terminals depend on several criteria:
- Terminal type : Some low power charging stations are
free. On the other hand, fast charging stations that provide more rechargeable power (
Ionity € 0.79 / min, Total € 0.40 – € 0.65 / min …)
- The period: some public charging networks differentiate rates by time of day.
- Operators: prices are not standard
- The subscription : You can benefit from a monthly and preferential rate on the terminals of the network to which you are affiliated.
Recharging on conventional terminals (apart from fast terminals) will cost you on average
From 5 to 7 € per 100 KM of autonomy.