Combustion engine, hybrid or electric: which engine to choose? Asking yourself this question and finding an answer to it is crucial before you even buy a new vehicle. In a context where carmakers are doubling their imagination to offer increasingly efficient and economical models,
your budget, what you will use it for
i the environmental impact of the engine
these are all factors to keep in mind when thinking about buying your new car.
The 3 types of engine: internal combustion, hybrid and electric
which engine to choose for your future vehicleIt is worth considering the different types of engines currently available on the market as well as their advantages and disadvantages.
A quick technical reminder is needed.
To be able to move forward, a car needs mechanical energy,
energy to be created from an element
. It is in this last point where the 3 types of engines are differentiated:
and are more or less polluting :
- The internal combustion engine produces mechanical energy by burning fuel (gasoline, diesel or (G) az of (L) liquefied (P) etroli).
- The electric motor produces mechanical energy from the electrical energy supplied by a battery or a fuel cell (hydrogen cars).
- The hybrid engine works thanks to the 2 previous methods.
Now that the basics have been laid, let’s take a closer look at the different engines currently available in the car market in France.
Heat engines (gasoline, diesel, LPG double fuel, Bioethanol Flexfuel)
combustion and explosion engine, the heat engine needs fuel (the fuel) to run. Although the trend is green and
this engine is the most polluting
this type of engine is still the most widespread in the world.
4 different fuels
Internal combustion vehicles operate by burning fuel at very high temperatures. But it’s not just one type of fuel! There are 4 of them – two of which you are sure to know – (petrol, diesel, LPG, bioethanol).
Like the engine type, each fuel has its own set of advantages and disadvantages. This table is there to help you see things more clearly.
|LPG biofuel (Liquefied petroleum gas) / Gasoline
|Bioethanol E85 / Gasoline
What to remember to know which engine to choose:
- Gasoline engines are ideal if you drive little and especially in urban areas;
- Diesel engines are ideal for long trips on a regular basis.
- LPG / petrol dual fuel engines are suitable if you drive regularly and want to save energy and money in the long run. They are
the most advantageous, either for its economic cost or for its environmental cost. However, keep in mind that
LPG cars are more expensive to buy
- Some petrol car models can run on bioethanol (E85). This alternative to SP95 and SP98 turns out to be
extremely profitable– the price of fuel will rise – and much more environmentally friendly. However, the vehicle must be
FlexFuel to be able to use E85: The list of supported original cars is limited.
- LPG and E85 are the two most economical engine solutions
especially for drivers who drive a lot.
Trend of the moment, hybrid engines combine thermal technology with electric technology: these are
cars with reciprocating engine.
Developed in 1997, the hybrid has not stopped renewing itself, now imposing itself, with the electric, on the French car fleet with
almost 20% market share
Vehicles powered by this type of engine fall into two categories:
- Non-rechargeable hybrids
- Plug-in hybrids – their batteries are 7 to 13 times more effective than non-rechargeable hybrid vehicles.
Even today, most hybrid vehicles, whether plug-in or not,
they mainly use their heat engine to advancethe electric motor is used only when the car is moving slowly or in very specific situations assessed by the dashboard.
The electric motor is
the most recent. He is also the most “revolutionary”. To work,
an electric motor uses a battery
(while hydrogen cars use a fuel cell).
Advertised autonomy vs real autonomy (WLTP cycles), maximum speed, comfort … The performance of electric motors varies from one car model to another, so even before buying an electric car,
understanding its pros and cons is essential
What to remember:
Electric vehicles, although more expensive to buy, are the preferred solution if you want to drive “green”. However, before you buy a new or used electric vehicle, find out about:
- the real autonomy of the car
- the type of battery
- the charging network
- effective load power
- charging time
Comparison of thermal, hybrid and electric motors
So which engine to choose for your car in 2022?
Finally, the engine you choose will depend on several factors,
3 in particular :
- Your use
- Your budget
- The environmental impact of the vehicle
Drive long distances regularly and your budget is limited. The diesel car turns out to be a good choice. However, be aware of the vehicle’s Crit’Air sticker!
You drive mainly in the city and plan to go on holiday with your car. If you can afford it, opt for an electric or hybrid vehicle. Otherwise, choose a dual-fuel gasoline / LPG engine.
Want to reap the benefits of gasoline while maximizing your fuel costs:
choose a FlexFuel vehicle. You will be able to fill your tank with Bioethanol E85, a considerably more environmentally friendly and economical unleaded petrol fuel.
You have enough money to invest in a new vehicle (over € 20,000), you can invest in an electric vehicle. Your purchase will pay for itself over time, with electric motors being the cheapest.
You can also find our sheet on the ideal fuel for your car!