What will be the main projects of the Minister of National Education?

More resources for schools, institutes, institutes and teachers. Education is presented as one of the most important projects of this new five-year period. In addition, Emmanuel Macron has pledged € 12 billion a year in 2027 for education and youth, including € 6 billion in salary increases. Especially because educational emergencies are numerous. 20 minutes takes stock of the priorities ahead of the future government.

Restore trust between the Minister of Education and teachers

The end of Macron 1’s five-year term ends with a negative note on teachers’ relationship with their minister, Jean-Michel Blanquer. The busy strike on January 13 sounded like a kind of denial, according to Sophie Vénétitay, general secretary of Snes-FSU, the first high school union: “We have reached a historic breaking point. He is criticized for his very vertical method, his advertisements discovered in the press, the fact that he does not support the contradiction. “An opinion shared by Guillaume Prévost, general delegate of VersLeHaut, a think tank dedicated to youth and education:” Teachers have been pretty burned out over the last year. Jean-Michel Blanquer was having a great game – if anything the pouring rain seemed to be spurring him on! »

To mark a new era, Emmanuel Macron promised “a new method.” As for education, “Goals will be set at the national level, but locally we will decline the ways and means to achieve them,” he said during the debate between the two rounds with Marine Le Pen. It remains to be seen who will designate rue de Grenelle: “Given the sensitive context, he will undoubtedly choose an open personality concerned with intermediate bodies. Especially because the executive has everything to fear from a third social round “, said Guillaume Prévost.

Increase teachers’ salaries

Primary and secondary school teachers earn 7% less than the OECD average, and 20% less after ten or fifteen years of service, according to the annual report. Views on education published in September 2021. Emmanuel Macron promised that the index point, used to calculate civil servants’ salaries, would be revalued “before the summer.” He also announced a “substantial increase” in teachers’ salaries.s, which would correlate with the acceptance of new assignments (substitutions, homework help, individualized monitoring of students, etc.). He also said he wanted to raise salaries so that “there are no more career starts below 2,000 euros” a month. An emergency, according to Sophie Vénétitay: “The reduction of teachers’ salaries is a reality, as is the impoverishment of the youngest among them. But we are not in favor of “working harder to earn more.” We simply have to revalue the teaching action and not increase the number of overtime hours worked or their amount. »

Guillaume Prévost anticipates lively discussions: “The issue of teacher service obligations is explosive. Therefore, a great round of negotiations is to be expected. On the other hand, the 10% increase in the first levels should be decided more easily “, he believes.

Resolution of the recruitment crisis

It’s the hot potato that all education ministers go through, without really finding a solution. But the situation is serious. In 2021, 238 places were left vacant in secondary education, especially in mathematics, classics and German. At the same time, resignations have increased: 937 in primary in 2021, 617 in secondary and high school. “Some classes, especially at the university, do not have teachers in certain disciplines,” says Sophie Vénétitay. To rectify the situation, obviously, it is necessary to increase salaries, but also to improve working conditions: “By reducing the size of the class and allowing teachers in training to gradually access the profession,” suggests the unionist. “We should also launch ten-year contracts to allow private sector people to come and teach for a period of their careers,” suggests Guillaume Prévost.

Put math back in common at high school

Since high school reform, math has disappeared from the common core in 1st and final year, and the discipline is only taught as a specialty. This penalizes the training of students and limits their choice of orientation to higher education. Emmanuel Macron has promised to reintroduce the discipline, first of 1st. “We are going to 1:30 of mathematics, which would be added to the teaching of 1st grade science. It’s a bit of a patch, “said Sophie Vénétitay.

The unions are especially concerned about the viability of the measure, while the preparation for the start of the course has already been completed. Another uncertainty: will there be enough math teachers to teach, when they are already in deficit?

Reform the school

This will have been the poor relative of education under Macron 1. Not only did he not benefit from any reform, but he lost resources: “There was an increase in the university population at the beginning of the five-year of places. has decreased. We don’t have the means to work in small groups, ”says Sophie Vénétitay. Aware that 6th grade is crucial, Emmanuel Macron announced during the debate his desire to double, probably in REP + at first.

He also promised a reform of the orientation. From 5 to 3, half a day a week should be devoted to “manual and practical teaching”, “digital teaching” and the discovery of trades. “It would be a way to improve the professional sector upstream, giving more space to practical skills,” says Guillaume Prévost.

Reform of the vocational training institute

Emmanuel Macron has announced his intention to increase internships in companies by 50% and to pay high school students during their stay in companies. “Because he wants the vocational training institute to be inspired by the success of apprenticeship training. But increasing the time in the company would require reducing the number of hours of general training, something that the teachers’ unions do not want “, underlines Guillaume Prévost. Therefore, lively discussions should be expected here as well.

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