As every year, the Arval Mobility Observatory took stock of companies on the upcoming developments related to their fleets and the mobility of their employees, with the publication of their latest 2022 barometer.
The observatory conducted a survey of 26 countries *, with 5,896 companies in Europe and 1,680 outside Europe. In France, between November 22, 2021 and January 31, 2022, the Ispos Institute surveyed 300 companies. Its fleet included at least one vehicle: passenger car (VP) or light commercial vehicle (VUL), as in the 2021 edition.
In this French panel, 33% of companies employ less than 10 workers (TPE). 20% have between 10 and 99 workers and 27% between 100 and 999 workers (SMEs). Finally, 20% employ more than 1,000 people (large groups).
A park that tends to stabilize
In France, the companies studied have an average fleet of 88 passenger cars and 83 light commercial vehicles. By comparison, fleets in Europe average 88 passenger cars and 77 light commercial vehicles. The average vehicle ownership period is five years in France and 5.6 years in Europe.
According to the 2022 barometer, most companies in France believe that the size of their fleet will remain stable (63%) or increase (29%) in three years. In contrast, only 6% of them expect a reduction in the size of their fleet. Data comparable to the European average, regardless of the size of the company. In fact, 71% of companies in Europe believe that their fleet will stabilize and 23% that it will increase in three years.
French fleet managers mainly explain this possible increase in the fleet due to the development of an activity that requires the use of vehicles within the company (56%) and for reasons related to the resulting human resources (47%). .
In terms of financing, 49% of French companies of all sizes say they want to establish long-term leases (LLD) in the next three years, compared to 34% of European companies.
13% of companies have changed their mobility policy
The health crisis has had an impact on the size of the fleets of 17% of French companies. But only 13% of companies have changed their mobility policy and 6% plan to do so after the implementation of telework.
Among French companies that have changed their mobility policy, 49% have changed their car policy in terms of mileage or models offered. 46% have implemented car-sharing solutions for employees. 27% have developed alternative mobility solutions or mobility “packages”. Finally, 18% offered alternative mobility solutions to employees not eligible for company vehicles.
The energy transition is accelerating …
In terms of engines, 71% of French companies have already installed alternative energy vehicles to internal combustion vehicles in their passenger car fleet, ie +23 points compared to the European average. In France, the companies studied are mainly aimed at hybrid cars (48%; +19 points compared to the European average) and rechargeable hybrids (43% or +22 points).
These companies have opted for hybrid vehicles (including rechargeable ones). With the aim of respecting its CSR policy (74% for computers and 60% for LCV) and for its lower environmental impact (70%; 64%). Companies also want their image (61%; 51%), or driving in low-emission mobility zones (ZFE-m) (60%: 62%).
… But at a lower speed for electricity
In comparison, only 27% of companies have already implemented 100% electric PCs (+8 points compared to Europe), due to existing limitations. In addition, 44% do not plan to introduce electric vehicles in three years.
Among the main brakes proposed for electricity: the number of public charging stations (52% in France and 44% in Europe) and the purchase price too high compared to an equivalent petrol model (29%; 43 %). The absence of recharging points on site (29%; 39%) or at home (26%; 39%) continues. In fact, 36% of French companies have not installed charging points in their facilities.
According to the 2022 barometer, in three years’ time, the share of internal combustion engines (petrol or diesel) in French fleets could reach 30% for PCs and 46% for commercial vehicles. For Europe, the figures are estimated at 52% for computers and 64% for commercial vehicles. The expected share of 100% electricity is 27% for computers and 25% for commercial vehicles in France. These figures reach 23% for computers and 17% for commercial vehicles in Europe.
Fleets lagging behind with new mobility …
At the same time, 74% of companies in France have deployed an alternative mobility solution compared to 65% in Europe. And 9% plan to deploy them in three years in France compared to 12% in Europe.
“These new mobility solutions are not intended to replace the company’s vehicle fleets. They are complementary “, points out the 2022 barometer. carsharing and 8% for the mobility budget, in total or partial replacement of the fleet.
… And the provisions of the LOM
In addition, “many companies are not concerned about the mobility guidance law or claim to be unaware of it. This is even more true for small businesses, ”said the observatory. Among the provisions of the LOM, the greening of the fleet remains the best applied. This is especially the case for large companies (59%) compared to small ones (37%). But 28% of small businesses have launched the sustainable mobility package, compared to 26% of large businesses. Finally, 11% of all companies have implemented a bicycle plan.
Similarly, the mobility plan is still very little implemented by large companies. 60% did not implement it due to lack of time or skills. However, this plan is mandatory for companies with more than 50 employees,
Among the measures in the mobility plan, fleets cite teleworking (46%) and shared offices (24%). It is followed by car-sharing (12%), payment for public transport passes (10%) and support for the use of electric-assisted bicycles (VAE) with reserved parking spaces (9%).
40% of fleets equipped with telematics
In the French fleets, 24% of PCs and 34% of LCVs are equipped with telematics. 44% of large group fleets are equipped with them compared to 39% of VSE fleets. Companies use telematics to reduce fleet costs (46%) and locate or improve vehicle safety (36%). More specifically, telematics allows them to manage various driving drifts: fuel overconsumption and mileage drift (55%), fines and claims (51%), driving behavior (49%).
Road risk actions
Finally, 40% of companies have implemented a road risk prevention plan in France. Among the actions considered effective to limit this risk, companies include: technological innovations in vehicles and training actions in ecological driving and safety (52%) and communication actions (50%).
* Germany, Austria, Belgium, Brazil, Chile, Denmark, Spain, Finland, France, Greece, Italy, Luxembourg, Morocco, Norway, Netherlands, Peru, Poland, Portugal, Czech Republic, Romania, United Kingdom, Russia, Slovakia, Sweden, Switzerland, Turkey.