World Education Action Week: Protect Education in Emergencies!

GCE policy statement Global Education Action Week (EAG) 2022

A call to protect education in emergencies!

He Global Education Action Week (EAG)led each year by the movement of the Global Campaign for Education (GCE), is a key moment for education activists around the world. More than 100 countries, hundreds of local, national, regional and global civil society organizations and millions of people around the world come together to defend and defend the right to quality, inclusive and equitable education and learning opportunities. life long for all, and contribute to the achievement of SDG 4.

In view of the great emergencies that are occurring around the world and their devastating impact on the right to education of millions of people, especially the most vulnerable, this WAEMS 2022 could be more important than ever: it is an urgent call and forceful on states, world leaders and the international community protect education in emergencies!

In 2022, perhaps more than ever, the GCE movement must be mobilized. Prior to the COVID-19 pandemic, the world was already facing major challenges to make the human right to education a reality, especially for marginalized groups. Then, in early 2020, the COVID-19 pandemic changed the world as we knew it, increasing and exacerbating existing challenges: conflict, the impacts of climate change, poverty, political violence, and repression. All of this has affected increasingly complex and intertwined emergencies around the world, and many have turned into long-lasting cyclical crises. In these situations, the right to education is seriously threatened.

There are several violations of the right to education of millions of peopleespecially the most excluded and vulnerable, in crises and emergencies around the world. The most recent case is that of deliberate attacks on schools in Ukrainebut there are many more that have been going on for years.

Violence, conflict and aggravation of the humanitarian crisis in the Sahel region access to quality education is becoming increasingly difficult, especially in countries such as Niger, Mali and Burkina Faso. 40% of primary school children in the region are out of school and the lower secondary school enrollment rate is less than 56%. [1]

At Middle Eastthe Yemen it is still affected by almost 8 years of war and remains the worst humanitarian crisis in the world. The brutal armed conflict, along with the impacts of VOCID-19 and climate change, puts children and adolescents at serious risk; All of these factors mean that about 8.1 million school-age girls and girls need emergency educational assistance, while educational infrastructure is completely destroyed and two-thirds of teachers do not pay regularly for more than four years.[2] Jordan and Lebanon they host a large percentage of Syrian refugees, 1.3 million and 1.5 million respectively, which puts enormous pressure on their education systems, which need to be urgently strengthened to meet the needs of refugee children and young people.[3]

In the East Asia and Pacific Region, the impacts of climate change are one of the main drivers of crises and emergencies, especially considering that the countries in this region are among the most prone to disasters in the world. The right of children to education suffers in the most affected countries, such as Indonesia and the Philippines, among others.

In the region ofLatin America and the Caribbeanimpossible not to mention the case ofHaiti, a country where almost half of the population is under the age of 18, but where 50% of children cannot go to primary school, and 50% of children who do, drop out before the 6th grade. Natural disasters, such as the devastating earthquake of 2021, conflict and many other daily risks of violence, abuse and exploitation have reinforced a protracted crisis in the country that deprives millions of Haitians of their right to a quality education.[4]

around the world, Climate and environmental conflicts and disasters, among other factors, have triggered a massive and rapid movement crisis, which gets worse every minute : by 2050, 216 million people could move within their country due to climate change,[5] and 140 million people in South Asia, sub-Saharan Africa and Latin America will be recently displaced due to climate change.[6] With regard to the right to education, we are not blatantly displaced: for example, although the right to education of refugees is protected by international law, 48% of all school-age refugee children do not have access to education.[7] In addition, theeducation is also the target of deliberate attacks in certain emergency situations: between 2015 and 2019, more than 11,000 attacks were reported on educational institutions and / or students and educational staff, harming more than 22,000 students and educators in at least 93 countries.[8]

It should be noted that the girls they are especially affected by emergency situations, especially when gender intersects with other vulnerability factors, which also affects their right to education: girls are more likely to be out of school in emergency situations. than the boys, as we have clearly seen in the extreme case ofAfghanistan.[9] In contexts of crisis, apprentices with disabilities they are also among the most vulnerable, face multiple forms of exclusion from education, and are less likely to attend and complete school than their non-disabled peers.

This catastrophic situation forces us to act immediately and to call on the States protect education in emergencies! in particular:

  • Protect education from attacks and abide by and comply with the Safe Schools Declaration, adopted in 2015.
  • Provide safe and accessible learning environments for all students in emergency situations, without discrimination on the grounds of gender, disability, race, ethnicity or any other factor.
  • Develop and implement crisis-sensitive national education plans and budgets, and promote the equitable and sustainable inclusion of refugees, asylum seekers, returnees, stateless persons, and internally displaced persons in national education systems.
  • Ensure adequate protection, training and compensation of teachers.
  • To promote a truly transformative education and a basis for peace.
  • Listen to the voices of people affected by emergencies, civil society organizations, communities, families, teachers, who are the first to respond in these situations. Their experiences, perspectives, and stories matter, and should be fully taken into account in educational plans and policies.

Finally, invest in education in emergency situations and the crisis is absolutely essential. Despite alarming figures and stories, education remains one of the least funded humanitarian aid areas, receiving only 2.4% of global humanitarian funding. Emergency education desperately needs sufficient, sustainable and predictable funding; this means that donor countries allocate at least 10% of humanitarian funding to education, even through significant support for the Replenishment of Education (ECW) process.

The movement of the Global campaign for education (CME) is fully committed to the fight to guarantee the right to education of millions of people living in situations of emergency and (prolonged) crisis, as well as to press states to take the necessary measures to achieve this goal, as well. as the ODS 4..

Join us and mobilize during Global Education Action Week (EAG) 2022 and demand urgent action protect education in emergencies! .

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