Duel Macron-Le Pen: What are the candidates’ proposals for education?

For the Pas-de-Calais MP, school was better before. “National education for 50 years has been massacred by the massification of access to secondary education […]massacred by pedagogy […] which has led to a continuous degradation of diplomas […] and massacred by the reforms carried out in the 1990s that definitively transformed the goal of employment orientation as a mortal sin, ”Marine Le Pen insisted on March 7 during a press conference held at the campaign headquarters. Convinced of this, Emmanuel Macron “wants to destroy French National Education. If elected to the presidency of the Republic on April 24, the RN candidate wants to” rebuild “the education system and undertake a major reform of the ‘National Education.

Defined as the “first project” of the five-year term of 2017, Emmanuel Macron wanted to reform an imperfect education system. “Since our school performance has dropped, our country has suffered difficulties: it is no coincidence. Our national cohesion depends on this “, he explained in his profession of faith. Five years later, it is time to take stock of the presidential candidate. Parcoursup, high school reform, initial teacher training reform, attractiveness bonus have been launched by the Minister of National Education, Jean-Michel Blanquer. Despite efforts by the government, Emmanuel Macron realistically acknowledges that the current system is unsatisfactory: they have confidence, and we continue to perform poorly in the Pisa rankings.In the event of re-election, the presidential candidate announced that the school would appear as an “important project” on his new presidential agenda.

Government of the establishments and organization of the National Education

In the face of “degradation of content and teaching”, Marine Le Pen wants Parliament to set “concisely and limitedly what is expected of students at the end of each cycle. A law passed by the National Assembly would define the methods to “limit the ruptures of equality between the establishments. The details of the programs would be the responsibility of the Ministry of National Education. A” real insult “to the assimilationist model, the teaching of the language and the culture of origin (Elco) would be abolished.

The RN candidate wants to ban the use of the “Islamic” veil on school-going companions and promises to “strengthen” the principles of secularism in public establishments.

Emmanuel Macron shows his willingness to “change the method” by proposing at the beginning of his term, “a conference of actors available throughout the territory to build new solutions. These local consultations would bring together parents of students, educational teams, elected officials. and specialized associations.

It also focuses on strengthening the autonomy of institutions with the possibility for principals to hire certain profile teachers and challenge certain transfers. The presidential candidate wants to make public the result of the national evaluations organized in CP, CE1, 6th and secondly, by establishment and by class, “to see what are the methods of support and teaching practices”, in order to identify and disseminate good practices.

Primary

Marine Le Pen agrees to split the classes between the large section and the CP. “The maximum number should no longer exceed 20 students,” he explains. The distribution of classes was already included in the presidential program of Emmanuel Macron in 2017. Implemented since the beginning of the 2017 academic year, this measure concerns the CP and CE1 classes of REP and REP +. According to the newspaper Les Echos, Emmanuel Macron wants to extend this measure from CE2 to CM2 in the Priority Education Networks (REP) and REP +. The RN candidate is also committed to increasing the number of class hours for elementary students.

The mastery of basic knowledge is the core of the two educational projects. The finalists in the presidential election intend to devote sufficient time to French and mathematics. Marine Le Pen also emphasizes the history of France. The presidential candidate spoke of more sport for schoolchildren, “30 minutes a day from 2022.”

The Pas-de-Calais MP is in favor of wearing the primary school uniform. She wants to apply this measure to the university. The aim, according to the candidate, is to hide inequalities and “fight against communitarianism. »

Secondary education

“The only college is a failure machine,” according to the far-right candidate. “Early” priority should be given to early guidance of students. The patent diploma would serve as a “post-third-year orientation exam” that would filter college students between general education, vocational education, and “teaching trades through learning.” In his program, Emmanuel Macron gives an important place to this issue of career guidance. It aims to generalize “the discovery of various trades among the 5th and the 3th, “Include technical trades and manuals” and “open” the school to the world of work. The centrist candidate proposes to transform the vocational training institute into a “path of excellence” by reinforcing internships in companies. Still in college, the presidential candidate wants to generalize the presence of delegates “not to the harassment in the establishments.

As for high school, Marine Le Pen wants to repeal the reform led by Minister Jean-Michel Blanquer. It is committed to restoring high school “its national final exam status,” in particular by increasing academic requirements. The candidate wants to eliminate “any positive discrimination in force in high school. “Emmanuel Macron spoke in favor of the return of mathematics to the common core in high school.

Post-baccalaureate guidance

At the M6 ​​on March 23, Emmanuel Macron praised Parcoursup’s success compared to its previous targeting platform, APB. “We had hundreds of thousands of young people who were without a solution and without guidance a few weeks after obtaining the Bac. Thanks to Parcoursup, we have provided students with more information. It’s a fairer system built around a transparent algorithm, “he said.

»Read our article: Parcoursup: What do candidates offer?

Asked by France Inter, Marine Le Pen, meanwhile, calls for the abolition of Parcoursup. “I judge the tree by its fruits and the least we can say is that this guidance platform for graduates was not a great success. Without detailing the outlines of a policy, it undertakes to take into account “the opinion of young people” in the development of a new program. “Everyone should be able to pursue their dreams and desires, if they have the capacity,” he says.

Teachers

For the RN candidate, French teachers are “proletarianized for 25 years. It intends to break this “accounting logic” by increasing salaries by 3% per annum during the five-year period, ie a total increase of 15%. Marine Le Pen wants to undertake a reform of the condition of the teaching staff and “a revaluation of the merit in the development of the careers. »

During the presentation of his program on March 7 at the Docks in Paris d’Aubervilliers, the President of the Republic mentioned his desire to create a “new pact” with teachers. The increase in salaries would be conditional on the acceptance of “new missions” of teachers: replacement of absent teachers, personalized support to students, help with homework and the presence of teachers in extracurricular activities.

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