“Thus, we tell you certain stories from the past, and in fact it is a reminder of us that we bring you” (Surah Taha – V99).
“We have sent many prophets before you. We have told you the story of some of them and we are silent about the story of others ”(S. Ghafir – V78)
“There is no doubt a lesson in the history of the prophets for intelligent men. This book is not a story made from scratch, but it is a confirmation of the previous Scriptures, a detailed exposition of all things, a good direction and a grace for those who believe in their Lord ”(S. Youssef – V 111).
In fact, the Qur’an will give us 25 names of prophets or messengers of God, of the 124,000 listed by our beloved prophet. The most cited is undoubtedly Moses -34 times-, Soliman (Solomon) 16 times, Jesus Christ 25 times, Youssef (Joseph) 26 times, compared to the 5 times the Qur’an quotes Sidna Mohammed, 4 as “Muhammad” and 1 times. with Ahmed.
For reasons of space here, we will only share Soliman’s story with Belquis, queen of Sheba. A story full of subtleties, finesse and lessons.
The name Belquis, also called Makeda-Queen of Sheba, according to the Ethiopian tradition, or “Balqama” according to the tradition of Yemen, this name that invites hermeneutics, is very present in Hebrew and biblical accounts as ”. .
The Qur’an, which did not refer to any woman by name except Meryem, will only refer to her as the “Queen of Sheba”, but will be more precise and prodigal than the Torah or the Gospel in the circumstances of her encounter with Solomon. .
“Makeda” ruled his kingdom of Saba with an iron fist, covering northern Yemen, Ethiopia, and Eritrea. A vast territory rich in minerals and precious stones. A country rich in agriculture and trade. The Kingdom of Sheba already existed 1500 years BC. JC His people dedicated worship and blind devotion to him.
Suleyman is on the throne of Jerusalem. It combines power, power, erudition and wisdom. At his service, a whole panoply of soldiers. He not only has men and jinn under his command, but also the winds and all the animal species, whose language he masters.
No prophet or messenger of God during his life had as much power as he did. His powers are explained to us in detail in the Qur’an which will quote him 16 times in 7 different suras. If some sources are inaccurate, even confusing, the Qur’an will gratify us with a multitude of details about the circumstances of this providential encounter.
The young man, whose mission was to find water points for Solomon’s troops, and to justify his absence to avoid the punishment of Suleiman, informed him that there was a village, the village of Sheba, commanded by a woman, who was called “Makeda” according to Ethiopian tradition, idolized the sun, instead of God, the only one: “I discovered that she is a woman, with great resources and a magnificent throne that dominates them. And I discovered that she and her people worship the Sun instead of worshiping God, because Satan has beautified their actions in their eyes and diverted them so that they go astray. “ (The Ant, V. 23). This story is the story of two powerful characters at the height of their glory, whom nothing predestined to know, let alone love and find a home. His confrontation will end in apotheosis with a great passion and a male offspring, to the great happiness of Saba.
A brief and simple letter from the mighty King Solomon, beginning with “In the name of God, the Merciful, the Merciful …”, not only will he pacify a region and the people of Sheba, he will shake the throne of the queen of Ethiopia and Egypt but, above all, these few words will open the heart of the most powerful and erudite queen of his country , or even the whole region. Words that will change the course of history, without war or bloodshed.
If the conquest of territories is the work of great generals, experienced in war techniques and with great means, the conquest of a heart remains the prerogative of only the great seducers. It’s a thousand times more stimulating, and it’s still the hardest part.
So King Solomon ordered the young woman to bring a letter to the queen of Sheba. A short, direct and unambiguous letter: “In the name of God, the Merciful, the Merciful. Don’t be proud of me! Come and give me your presentation “(V30; ch.28).
After consulting his closest advisers, he decides to send her a gift that he will no doubt reject. So he decides to go to Jerusalem itself, to meet Solomon, offended as he was, for his refusal to accept his precious gifts of gold, precious stones, sandalwood, accompanied by all sorts of expensive and rare aromas, in particularly the famous fragrant essences. which the peoples of the East love. She also wanted to see for herself which of the two is superior in power and scholarly. He will complete his voyage from the port of Ophir in Yemen.
Upon her arrival, she will soon be dazzled by the temple in Jerusalem, built by Solomon himself. This journey will unintentionally reveal to you all the subtleties and dangers of the art of seduction, because King Solomon will prove to be terribly seductive, wise, and more intelligent. The geniuses surrounding Solomon, fearing that she might marry the intruder, spread the rumor that she would have hairy legs and hooves instead of feet.
Solomon, then, devises a ploy, laying on the floor mirrors, slabs of glass, which the beautiful Balqis will take for water. To cross, she lifted her suit, exposing a pair of human legs. Solomon then ordered his demons to prepare a special epilator to get rid of his unwanted hair. “Lord,” he said, “I have hurt myself, and with Solomon I submit to God, the Master of the Universe.”(V.44). Suddenly, his pride and all his pride is broken.
This confession is not that of a defeated queen, but much more of a loving woman, fallen under the influence of Solomon’s charm and charisma.
Of this titanic struggle, she had gone to Jerusalem haloed with her beauty and power, she will always be queen, as she will be confirmed on her throne thanks to the generosity of Solomon, but she will return with a new status, the of wife and mother. He began his journey laden with gifts of all kinds, returning to his village, after more than a year of absence, with a single gift, but the most precious and most precious of all: a male heir to the throne Of the kingdom of Sheba.
From this epic will be born the future king of Sheba, called “Menilik”, who founded “the Solomonic dynasty”.
No woman, since time has existed, has been so glorified or magnified. Not even Cleopatra, in the twilight of her beauty and power, had so many honors as artists and writers. The Queen of Sheba inspired Händel, who in March 1749 composed a beautiful three-act symphony, which he called “Solomon.” The 3rd act will be dedicated precisely to the meeting of Solomon with the queen of Sheba.
It will be present in the repertoires of singers Michel Laurent, Cheb Khaled, or Japanese singer Shikida.
The Italian actress Gina Lollobrigida and Yul Brynner will give the best performances of the characters of Solomon and the Queen of Sheba in 1959, after several attempts, in particular in 1913, 1921 and 1952.
The Queen of Sheba inspired several painters, most notably Claude Gellée, known as “Le Lorrain” in the 17th century, or Safavid art in Iran between the 15th and 18th centuries.
The sculptors will immortalize the bust of La belle Balqis. You can find a beautiful column statue in the Louvre Museum, and another in the Cathedral of Notre-Dame de Rennes.
Last but not least, the gastronomy will be no less, with a delicious “Reina de Saba” cake, made with ground almonds and cornstarch.
With so much wealth and symbols in the Queen of Sheba, only the person who bears her name in a royal way can be magnified.
Its history is the most exciting illustration of the art of seduction, even of passion in general, such as that experienced by Moses and his beautiful Sephora, or even the prophet Abraham with his courage. and brave Sara, and to a certain extent, that of Josep. and the fiery Zoleikha, wife of Potiphar, high commissioner and chief executioner of the king of Egypt.
Four detailed stories in the Qur’an, four destinies, but only one passion, one attitude of dignity of shared tenderness and respect. Tales of couples model of passion and dedication. Everyone enriches us with their morals and teachings.
One does not hesitate to help two destitute women in the face of carefree pastors. Abraham, very worried about the future of his wife and son Ishmael, before embarking on his journey by order of God. As for Joseph, it is the refusal to betray the trust of his benefactor and fall into sin.
All the stories told in the Qur’an are not intended to entertain us, but to perfect our souls and our relationships with our wives and mothers.
Soliman’s account in the Qur’an is rich in lessons that, if applied to the daily life of each of us, would undoubtedly have a harmonious and above all just society.
First, modesty and the use of power in the service of others and the weakest. Thus, Soliman, perched on his beautiful and tall mount, hears the ant warning the rest of the anthill: “O ants! Return to your house because Solomon and his armies will crush you without knowing it.”(V18), “These words made Solomon smile.”(19), who thanked God for the benefits of being full. Their reaction is immediate and is based on this concern for weak and disadvantaged subjects.
Through this story of Soliman and this epic with the Queen of Sheba, it is the determination and determination that prevails in his goals and the refusal of any form of corruption: “You want to help me with your gifts, while what God has given me is much better than what He has given you!”V36).
Finally, this story confirms the supremacy of courtesy and diplomacy over war and conflict in all its forms.
“Tell them these stories! Maybe they will make you think?Al Aaraf – V.176)