Sharing knowledge in the context of open science: between the enhancement, commercialization and institutionalization of knowledge Bibliothèque Universitaire d’Orsay, May 31, 2022, Orsay.

Sharing knowledge in the context of open science: between the valorisation, commercialization and institutionalization of knowledge
Orsay University Library, Tuesday 31 May at 2 pm.
Lise Verlaet ———— ** Director of the Institute of Information and Communication Technology, Paul-Valéry University, scientific director of the NumeRev research-action program (MSH-South) ** ### publishing ecosystem in the face of open science: (re) configurations and reticularities For more than two decades, there have been dynamics linked to openness initiatives, especially under the impetus of the Free Access to Scientific Resources movement, but which are now declining according to the theme. All these approaches to openness are now grouped under the generic term Open Science in order to ensure, in particular, information and strategic governance. This institutionalization is far from trivial. At first glance, in the communication around open science, economic and social issues predominate, the challenge is to try to counteract the inflationary market policies of the marginal oligopoly of commercial publishers to allow digital accessibility to public (and unrestricted) the main results of publicly funded research, including publications and research data (OECD, 2015). It is therefore a matter of public policy to rethink the business models of research publishing, while respecting the principle of bibliodiversity and trying to catch up with the technological innovation of these major publishers. We will return to these balances of power and, later, to this paradoxical situation, illustrated by the following principle, “Keep as open as possible and closed as necessary.” Through reticularity, open science reconfigures both research institutions and the entire research cycle, which implies a major paradigm shift, at least in the management of their research. In fact, according to the European Commission (2016), open science represents a new approach to the scientific process based on cooperative work and new ways of disseminating knowledge through digital technologies and new collaborative tools. We will review some of the changes that will be announced and coming for the institutions but also for the research actors. Lise Verlaet is the director of the Institute of Information and Communication Technology at Paul-Valéry University. He is the scientific director of the action-research program NumeRev (MSH-Sud) which is a platform for scientific publication in open science, and is also a member of the editorial board of the journals Communication & Management, COSSI and Intelligibility du numérique. His research focuses on the audit / diagnosis of information systems, intelligence technologies, information governance and economic intelligence, which he studies favoring constructivist and comprehensive approaches. —————— Arnaud Saint-Martin ——————- ** Sociologist, CNRS researcher, CESSP European Center for Sociology and Political Science (CNRS, Paris 1, EHESS) ** ### The rise of predatory journals that reveal the contradictions of scientific capitalism The openness of science is now a consensual slogan. It has been institutionalized in scientific practices and institutions in recent years. Its effects have been noticeable in scientific publication, starting with the rise of open access journals. Rarely do researchers deny their interest: knowledge circulates even more, and promotes a priori fruitful intellectual dynamics. An unexpected or always desired effect of this opening of scientific publication has been, however, to encourage the proliferation of journals that do not meet or almost do not meet scientific “quality” standards. Qualified as “predators”, these journals number in the thousands, are often interchangeable (“International Journal of X and Y”) and broadcast barely quoted content. In this presentation I will propose to return to the rise of this delegitimized segment of the scientific publishing market, to identify its social functions and what it reveals about the contradictions of scientific capitalism. The analysis will alternate, on the one hand, the objectification of the emergency conditions of this publishing environment, which operates in an opaque and enigmatic way, and, on the other hand, more normative considerations on the type of moral panic that This development has been around since the early 2010. Arnaud Saint-Martin is a sociologist and researcher at the CNRS. His research alternates between the history of science and technology, especially astronomical, and the study of the transformations of astronautics, from the Cold War to the advent of the “New Space”. He co-directs the magazine Zilsel and ensures the co-management of Éditions du Croquant. —————— Organizer Alexia Jolivet ————– ** Professor of Information and Communication Sciences, Science and Technology Studies, Paris-Saclay University ** —————— Face-to-face: ** Free admission ** and by video conference: to receive the link you must register: [[centre.dalembert@universite-paris-saclay.fr](mailto: center.dalembert@universite-paris-saclay.fr)](mailto:[centre.dalembert@universite-paris-saclay.fr](center.dalembert@universite-paris-saclay.fr))[centre.dalembert@universite-paris-saclay.fr](center.dalembert@universite-paris-saclay.fr)
Face-to-face: Free admission To receive the video conference link, you must register: centre.dalembert@universite-paris-saclay.fr
2022 Seminar of the Center d’Alembert: From common heritage to the commodification of knowledge: how to share knowledge?

Orsay University Library Building 407 – rue du Doyen Georges Poitou – Orsay Orsay Corbeville Essonne

Start and end dates and times (year – month – day – time):
2022-05-31T14: 00: 00 2022-05-31T16: 00: 00