Employment, inequality, education … the social challenges to come

At the helm of Moody’s ESG Solutions (formerly Vigeo Eiris), Sabine Lochmann is somehow the heiress of Nicole Notat, although it was an American rating agency that took over the entity founded by the former Secretary General of the CFDT. Your activity? The extra-financial qualification of listed companies. Specifically, it is a matter of advising and evaluating companies on their environmental impact (it is the “E” of ESG) and social (the “S”), as well as on their government (the “G”). This committed woman, sensitive to both issues of gender equality and diversity of origins, participated in various circles of reflection, including the convergence workshops in 2011, which brought together unions, companies and judges on the reinstatement of affected workers. by social plans. He also worked in “ephemeral companies” that allow the unemployed to find work. These issues, he explains, are at the forefront of the challenges facing Emmanuel Macron for his second five-year term. Because the transformations that should result from his “humanist and ambitious” program will have social consequences for which we must be prepared.

Read on tooWhat is Macron’s rating? Nine key topics were analyzed

Challenges – How do you react to Emmanuel Macron’s ambitions for the green transition?

Sabine Lochman. Emmanuel Macron has announced that he wants to make France a great ecological nation, and we have also signed the Paris Agreements by which we pledge to reach zero net level by 2050. In addition, the IPCC continues to sound the alarm. about We have little time left to stop global warming. Of course, more and more companies are committed to the energy transition, but what we still don’t see is that this will eliminate millions of jobs and that this new economy will have to lay off many workers. You have to prepare.

So, are you sounding the alarm about the social consequences of this transformation?

The President of the Republic has said in a speech after his re-election, “we will not leave anyone by the wayside.” However, a study by the World Economic Forum predicted that 50% of employee skills will become obsolete by 2025, so in the very short term. We must start this battle now, knowing that with six months of training for each employee, it is possible to overcome the obstacle. Only then will we be able to have a “fair transition.”

So does the ecological transition run the risk of further strengthening current social divisions?

There is France that wins and there is that of others. It started with the crisis of 2008 and since then it has only gotten worse, with the increase in the number of unemployed. But at the same time, there are a million vacancies that are not being filled. Therefore, the government has to start working differently, hand in hand with companies, to show that it has understood. Having a prime minister in charge of ecological planning with two deputy ministers can start to make sense.

So is it essential to put even more emphasis on education?

Many companies already have schools or universities. We need to accelerate this movement, and at the government level, promote lifelong learning and ensure that it can have more recognition. Digital technology, which removes geographical barriers, should facilitate the development of projects aimed at counteracting the obsolescence of skills. Because it is not surprising that certain regions vote against Emmanuel Macron, when 56% of GDP is concentrated in Ile-de-France.

Is it possible to overcome these inequalities?

There are people who feel lost, especially women and the elderly, who have a very low perception of their worth. Let’s not forget that there are also about 1 million uninhabitable homes, some of which are still inhabited. In the West Indies, therefore, there are 150,000 unhealthy occupied dwellings. We could put back into service the voluntary tax contribution, which existed in 1926, and which allowed certain voluntary taxpayers to pay their taxes in advance, possibly with a small bonus, to be able to finance the rehabilitation of housing. This would also allow the relaunch of the craft, in the same logic as the “MaPrimeRénov” operation. I am part of an associative group requesting the reactivation of this device. We must wage war on poverty.

Leave a Comment