The fall in the number of cars in Île-de-France, a “fundamental trend”

The car fleet identified in the Paris region tends to decline according to a study by the Paris Urbanism Workshop (Apur). Toughening of the rules of technical control, the rise of the bicycle, health crisis … How to explain the phenomenon?

The car reverses in Île-de-France. A study by Apur effectively highlights a decline in the number of registrations in our region. “The novelty is to see that this downward trend in the number of cars is being exported beyond the Parisian borders.“says Olivier Richard, Apur’s director of studies.

Apur has observed an implementation of this phenomenon since 2018 in the metropolis of Greater Paris, and since 2019 in Île-de-France. According to the association, funded mainly by Paris City Council, Ille-de-France recorded around 8,500 fewer car and light commercial vehicle registrations by the end of 2020 than in 2019.

A decrease of less than 0.2%: the first region in France has a total of 5.4 million cars for 12 million inhabitants. This decline actually confirms a downward trend observed since 2014, with a decrease in the increase in enrollment between 2017 and 2018.

An already well-established trend in Paris. Every year since 2012, the capital has lost an average of 3,400 vehicles, or 0.5% of its car fleet. And the phenomenon is accelerating, with 6,000 fewer vehicles in 2019 and 2020.

There are slightly fewer cars than usual for about a year in the city“Reacts Patrick Ollier (LR), president of the Greater Paris metropolis and mayor of Rueil-Malmaison (Hauts-de-Seine), which is one of the municipalities where the fall in the number of registered cars is evident.”To tell you it’s significant, no. But it is sensitive. And as for the metropolitan area, there are 6,800 fewer vehicles in a year. It’s not huge, as the Greater Paris metropolis includes 131 cities. But it denotes a change in the habits of systematic acquisitions of vehicles in the population.he believes.

The problem for us is to fight fine particulate pollution, which comes largely from traffic. The only solution is to change the nature of the modes of travel, with bicycles but also with electric or hybrid vehicles. The island of France and the metropolitan residents must be made aware of this need. It takes time, there is education to do. Gradually, we are feeling a positive evolution“, Judge Patrick Ollier.

According to Apur, this trend can be explained by several factors. “The first element is already a tightening of the technical control rules, which dates from 2018 or even 2019. We went from 400 to 600 mandatory control points. We also have pollution controls on diesel vehicles that are a little stricter than before.“, analyzes Olivier Richard.

The other element of explanation is the development of alternatives to the car, he continues. We are in a region with a very good public transport network. We also see the emergence of the bicycle outside Paris – and it is very recent – with cycling infrastructures. We are also in a period of rupture, with the arrival of teleworking and third places, which makes us not go to work every day.

Apur also mentions the increase in costs related to the use of motor vehicles, such as gasoline or the price of parking.

And what are the effects of the creation of Low Emission Zones (ZFE)? “hard to say“, admits Olivier Richard.”The ZFE now refers to relatively old vehicles, with Crit’Air 4 and 5, and “unclassified” vehicles. On the other hand, we can see that with the next steps, which concern Crit’Air 3 in 2023, and Crit’Air 2 in 2024, therefore all diesels, we are addressing a much larger part of the pie. With, therefore, a much greater impacthe believes.

We can clearly intuit a basic tendency towards demotorization

Olivier Richard, director of studies at Apur

The health crisis since 2020 has also slowed down the purchase of new cars. What predicts a rebound effect on the number of records in the future? “We will probably see this summer with the delivery of new data, explains the director of studies of Apur. But in any case, we feel a basic tendency towards demotorization. We can also see this through indicators such as the rate of ownership of domestic vehicles.

The number of vehicle owners is constantly declining, both in Paris and in the metropolitan area, and this is new, also on the Île-de-France.“said Olivier Richard.

It should be noted, however, that situations vary by territory. Apur cites, for example, sectors of Seine-Saint-Denis, Le Bourget and Saint-Denis, where the car fleet continues to grow. To explain these differences, the association evokes the creation of new districts with increasing population.

Leave a Comment