Motorhome: everything you need to know about carriers and their engines

In this article you will find the most common motorhome engines in the 2022 collections. Fiat Ducato, Citroën Jumper, Ford Transit or Mercedes Sprinter, each of these carriers gives specific characteristics to the motorhome. Not to mention the vans, Volkswagen Transporter, Renault Trafic and others. Article updated on December 28, 2021.

The carrier is the base of the motorhome. Its chassis, its engine, and more in the case of a profile (which retains the body of the cabin) or a van (the whole body). It is always a utility produced by a car manufacturer (Fiat, Citroën, Ford …) that should not be confused with the brand of the motorhome (Pilote, Chausson, Dethleffs, Rapido …). But this is not all. The motorhome also borrows equipment from the driver’s seat to the carrier (mirrors, controls, air conditioning, airbags, etc.).

Choosing a motorhome means:

The dashboard of the Fiat Ducato 8 series

• choose an engine (and everything that goes there: transmission, suspension, etc.)
• choose the driving equipment
• choose a design and body (except in the case of an integral)

The different motorhome carriers

Here is the market share of car manufacturers in the motorhome, van and van sector. This percentage corresponds to the market shares of the period 2021 (accumulated in the last 12 months in December 2021).

  • Fiat: 60.7%
  • Citroën: 12.3%
  • Ford: 12.1%
  • Volkswagen: 7.3%
  • Mercedes: 2.7%
  • Renault: 1.9%

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Fiat: the new Ducato arrives

Notin simplified motorhome based on Fiat Ducato
Low profile Notin motorhome based on a Fiat Ducato.

Fiat remains at the forefront of motorhomes, with more than 60% market share. The Italian brand, however, gives points to Citroën. The strength of Fiat remains the special Camper Ducato chassis, in high demand for vans, low profiles and all-wheel drive. This year, this carrier is also entering a new generation, with the 8 Series emphasizing driving aids and receiving a new, more ergonomic dashboard that can accommodate a multimedia system with a 5, 7 or 10 inch screen depending on the finishes.

Things to know about Fiat 2022 motorhomes

  • Ducato: special chassis motorhome lowered or normal height, traction.
  • GVW of 3.3, 3.5 and 4.4 tons (Ducato maxi).
  • 5-ton GVW with double-axle AL-KO chassis.
  • New generation of 2.3 l engines for 120, 140, 160 and 180 hp.
  • Nine-speed automatic transmission with hydraulic torque converter, from 140 hp.

Engines for Fiat truck motorhomes

Engine CV / kW power Maximum torque Nm box CO2 emissions (g / km) Cons. (l / 100 km)
Ducato 2.2L Multijet 120 120 / (89) 320 to 1400 rpm 6 173 8
Ducato 2.2L Multijet 140 140 / (104) 350 to 1400 rpm 6 186 to 215 7.1 to 8.2
Ducato 2.2 l Multijet 160 power 160 / (117) 380 at 1500 rpm 6 178 to 206 6.7 to 7.8
Ducato 2.2 l Multijet 180 power 180 / (130) 400 to 1500 rpm 6 178 to 206 6.7 to 7.8
Talent 1.6 l Ecojet 125 125 / (92) 320 at 1500 rpm 6 145 5.6
Talent 1.6 l Ecojet 145 145 / (107) 340 to 1750 rpm 6 152 5.9

Ford: Transit at the forefront

Roller Team motorhome in Ford truck
Roller Team brand profile, Ford carrier.

Transit is now a key player in the low profile motorhome and motorhome market. For leisure vehicles, the Transit comes in a lighter version that varies from 48 to 80 kg depending on its type, in traction or rear-wheel drive. Finally, the American manufacturer can count on the Custom to enter the growing category of vans.

all-road vans

In addition, Ford offers two adventurous versions in Transit Custom and 2Q: Active and Trail. The first refers to the Custom and offers a specific bodywork, with wheel arches under the bodywork or even side steps. The second is for the Transit 2T and has a differential that reduces the slip of the drive wheels.

Driving aids

The Transit is equipped with a smart speed limiter, based on traffic signal signaling, active lane keeping assistance, collision assistance with pedestrian reconnaissance even at night, as well as driving aids. . Fuel consumption is better controlled with the Start & Go system and an automatic transmission with ten speeds for propulsion and six for traction, available as an option.

Ford motorhome engines

Engine CV / kW power Maximum torque Nm box CO2 emissions (g / km) Fuel consumption (l / 100 km)
2.0 Eco Blue 130 130 / (96) 385 at 1500 rpm 6 185 6.2
2.0 Eco Blue 170 170 / (125) 405 at 1750 rpm 6 188 6.6

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Citroën: a new jumper

Pössl Trenta van with Citroën carrier
Pössl Trenta van equipped with a Citroën carrier.

Thanks to a more attractive price and a favorable level of standard equipment, the Jumper is a preferred alternative to the Ducato, in particular from the van manufacturer Pössl. In addition, the Jumper integrates the ranges of such different manufacturers as Adria, Bürstner, Dethleffs or Itineo. However, it could well suffer from the absence of a real automatic transmission against the Ducato and the Transit. In terms of motorization, the Jumper adopts a generation of high-performance engines with a displacement of 2.2 l. They are offered in three power levels: 120, 140 and 165 hp. In addition to this chassis, Citroën offers two vans for conversion, the Jumpy (utility version) and the Spacetourer (car version). They are available with three engines: 1.6 l for 115 hp, and 2.0 l in 150 and 177 hp.

Engines for Citroën motorhomes for trucks

Engine CV / kW power Maximum torque Nm box CO2 emissions (g / km) Fuel consumption (l / 100 km)
HDI 140 blue jumper 140 / (103) 340 to 1750 rpm 6 216 8.5
Jumper blue HDI 165 165 / (121) 370 at 2000 rpm 6 215 8.7
Jumpy Blue HDI 150 150 / (110) 370 at 2000 rpm 6 147 5.6
Jumpy Blue HDI 180 177 / (130) 400 to 2000 rpm 6 163 6.2

Volkswagen: the van above all

Volkswagen California: the best-selling motorhome in history …

The German manufacturer is still very active in the motorhome market, led by California. In addition, Volkswagen has the Crafter-based Grand California, for those who feel a little cramped in the California T6. Volkswagen carriers are also present in some series van manufacturers, such as Westfalia and Stylevan.

Volkswagen van engines

Engine CV / kW power Maximum torque Nm box CO2 emissions (g / km) Fuel consumption (l / 100 km)
2.0l TDI 150 150 / (110) 340 to 1500 rpm 6 210 8
2.0l TDI 198 198 / (146) 450 to 1400 rpm DSG7 219 8.3

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Mercedes: the Sprinter on all fronts

LeVoyageur motorhome with Mercedes carrier
Integral LeVoyageur Heritage to the Mercedes carrier.

The manufacturer is present in the motorhome market with the Sprinter Traction of French and foreign manufacturers (Bürstner, Hymer, Levoyageur, Rapido, etc.). The Sprinter is equipped with a 2.1 l four-cylinder engine, available in three powers: 114, 143 and 177 hp. The 177 hp engine is reserved exclusively for motorhomes. The automatic transmission with hydraulic torque converter (nine speeds for traction and seven for propulsion) and 4 × 4 transmission are also in the program. In addition to the Sprinter, Mercedes has two must-haves in the van segment with the Vito and the V-Class.

Engines for motorhomes and vans Mercedes

Engine CV / kW power Maximum torque Nm box CO2 emissions (g / km) Fuel consumption (l / 100 km)
Sprinter driving 143 / (105) 330 at 1200 rpm 6 194 7.4
Sprinter driving 163 / (120) 360 to 1400 rpm 6 196 7.5
Sprinter driving 190 / (140) 440 to 1400 rpm 6 255 9.8
Traction sprinter 143 / (105) 330 at 1200 rpm 6 208 7.9
Traction sprinter 177 / (130) 330 at 1200 rpm 6 CN CN
Class V 250 190 / (140) 440 to 1400 rpm 7 G-Tronic 164 6.2

Renault: especially Traffic for vans

Van converted into a Renault Trafic truck
Hanroad vans are based on Renault Trafic.

Traffic is the perfect link between the everyday car and the leisure vehicle for a weekend getaway or a short holiday. Even motorhome owners will be entitled to a high-end finish for the dashboard. Traffic also offers improved driving aids and an EDC6 dual-clutch automatic gearbox. For its part, the Master can have a 2.3 l engine, available in 135, 150 and 180 hp. The latter two are equipped with Twin Turbo technology. The Renault Master also advances in terms of safety and driving aids with the latest generation ESC and its adaptive load control.

The engines of Renault vans and motorhomes

Engine CV / kW power Maximum torque Nm box CO2 emissions (g / km) Fuel consumption (l / 100 km)
Master Energy dCi 145 130 / (110) 385 at 1500 rpm 6 230 7.8
Master Energy dCi 170 180 / (132) 400 to 1500 rpm 6 235 8.9
Traffic Energy dCi 120 125 / (92) 320 at 1500 rpm 6 154 5.8
Traffic Energy dCi 145 145 / (107) 350 to 1500 rpm 6 143 5.4

Iveco: high-end truck

This Iveco carrier coating belongs to the Morelo intermediate range. And it is already very high …

Iveco’s Daily and Eurocargo are benchmarks in terms of complete bodywork in the high-end leisure vehicle segment. The Daily’s high-performance chassis and rolling stock are especially popular with motorhome owners. With a 3.0 l engine with EGR and SCR technology, it is available in two power levels, 180 and 205 hp. Only the latter benefits from the eight-speed HiMatic gearbox that offers a driving pleasure much appreciated by transatlantic customers. In addition, the Daily benefits from optional special equipment, such as the Telma electromagnetic retarder which provides up to 80% of braking needs.

The engines of Iveco motorhomes

Engine CV / kW power Maximum torque Nm box CO2 emissions (g / km) Fuel consumption (l / 100 km)
70C daily 180 / (134) 430 to 1600 rpm 6 Euro VId standard 8.5
70C daily 210 / (156) 470 to 1400 rpm 6 Euro VId (NC) standard 8.1

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Peugeot: a carrier little represented in France

Campérêve Road Cap
Campérêve Cap Road: a compact van very practical in Peugeot Expert

The Peugeot Boxer is still very marginal in the French market (although it is quite present in other countries, such as the United Kingdom). But as with Fiat and Citroën, the Boxer offers new engines. They have a displacement of 2.2 l for three power levels: 120, 140 and 165 hp. The Peugeot Expert made a notable entry into the van segment in Campérêve with the Cap Road fitted with a drop-down roof. The Expert is offered with BlueHDi engines ranging from 100 to 180 hp.

Engine CV / kW power Maximum torque Nm box CO2 emissions (g / km) Fuel consumption (l / 100 km)
Boxer BlueHDI 140 140 / (103) 340 to 1750 rpm 6 223 8.5
Boxer BlueHDI 165 165 / (121) 370 at 2000 rpm 6 225 8.6
Expert BlueHDi 120 hp 120 / (88) 370 at 2000 rpm 6 202 6.8
Expert BlueHDi 150 hp 150 / (110) 340 to 2000 rpm 6 203 7

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