Marine Le Pen offers a trivialized far-right face (portrait)

He softened and softened his speech, trivializing his image, to the point of rejecting the far-right label: Marine Le Pen, who is seeking the supreme judiciary for the third time in France, is reaping the benefits of a long strategy of “of”. – Demonization ”, although basically, especially in the matter of immigration, its program has not changed.

At the age of 53, the chances of the youngest of Jean-Marie Le Pen’s three daughtershistorical and sulphurous figure of the French far right, who faces Emmanuel Macron in the second round of the presidential election, it looks much worse than in 2017. With 23.15% of the votes in the first round, the daughter improves on her previous score (21.30% in 2017) and far exceeds her father’s – almost 17% – in 2002 against Jacques Chirac. But if the qualification of the far right in the second round was an earthquake in French political life 20 years ago, today it is almost “trivial”. Fruit of the strategy patiently led by Marine Le Pen.

Training lawyer, has built its regional presence in the north of the countrywon for a long time on the left, then took over the presidency of the party of Jean-Marie Le Pen, the National Front, in early 2011, leaving aside the old barons, and patiently deconstructing what the patriarch had built with anti-Semitic or racist haranguessometimes convicted in court.

The “demonization” of the FN led to the father’s exclusion in 2015whose words were too divisible to allow a national victory. “I loved this man,” he says. “I fought hard for him, but at some point he had to stop.” The FN with a sinister reputation became “National Rally” in 2018and has since campaigned for his first name, Marine, preferred to his well-known last name.

After his failure in 2017, and a disastrous electoral debate between two rounds where her unpreparedness and fever had become evident in the face of Emmanuel Macron, Mrs. Le Pen patiently climbed the slope and polished her speech. During a new duel with Emmanuel Macron last Wednesday, this time he resisted much better.

– “Quiet France” –

Basically, “national preference” has become the “national priority”, the issue of purchasing power has prevailed over migration and identity issues, there is no longer any official question of France leaving the EU. She blurred the linesself-proclaiming himself the “best shield” of French Jews, honoring Charles de Gaulle whom the far right hated, exposing Republic and secularism as the standard against “Islamist fundamentalism” but judging Islam “compatible with the Republic” .

In the form, this twice-divorced mother of three has put aside her aggression, played the game of television secrets, talked about her love for cats. She presents herself as a unifying candidate for the “quiet France” before an Emmanuel Macron president of the “chaos”.

First worried about the progress of another far-right candidate, Eric Zemmour, he actually took advantage of the radical and outrageous speech of the old polemicist. Reviewing their identity, anti-immigration and anti-Islam issuesZemmour (7% in the first round) helped refocus and moderate the image of Mrs Le Pen, who campaigned for purchasing power, the main concern of the French. when the war in Ukraine raises prices. However, the change is just a façade, many analysts believe. “His program has hardly changed in the fundamentals of the FN such as immigration and national identity, but he has chosen another vocabulary to justify it. “loves for example Cécile Alduy, specialist of the extreme right.

– Accused of complacency with Russia –

As for migration, its program has even been “hardened” since 2010has recently been pointed out by a study by the Jean-Jaurès Foundation. Marine Le Pen plans to include in the Constitution in 2022 the “national priority” that will deprive foreigners of various benefits. He also wants, like Eric Zemmour, to expel illegal immigrants, criminals and foreign criminals, those suspected of radicalization as well as foreigners who have been unemployed for more than a year. She wants to enshrine in the Constitution the primacy of French law over international law – which would put France in a potentially unsustainable position vis-à-vis Europe – and seeks to ban the use of the veil in public space, under penalty of a fine.

Internationally, Marine Le Pen is accused by her opponents of complacency with Putin’s Russia even though she condemned the invasion of Ukraine. She supports the idea of ​​”anchoring Russia in Europe” so that it does not “fall into the arms of China”. The candidate, who has forged personal ties with Russia, has also cultivated close ties with so-called populist leaders in central Europe, including Viktor Orban in Hungary.

At 53, the chances of the youngest of the three daughters of Jean-Marie Le Pen, a historic and sulphurous figure of the French far right, who faces Emmanuel Macron in the second round of the presidential election, seem much more serious with that in 2017. With 23.15% of the votes in the first round, the girl improves her previous score (21.30% in 2017) and far exceeds that of her father -almost 17% – in 2002 in front Jacques Chirac. But if the far-right’s qualification in the second round was an earthquake in French political life 20 years ago, today it is almost “trivial.” As a result of the strategy patiently led by Marine Le Pen, a trained lawyer, she built her long-standing regional presence in the north of the country, then took over the presidency of Jean-Marie Le’s party. Pen, the National Front, early 2011, gradually removing the old barons, and patiently deconstructing what the patriarch had built with anti-Semitic or racist harangues, sometimes condemned in court. The “demonetisation” of the FN led to the 2015 exclusion of the father, whose statements were too divisive to allow for a national victory. “I loved this man,” he says. “I fought hard for him, but at some point he had to stop.” The infamous FN became the “National Rally” in 2018 and since then has campaigned for its first name, Marine, preferring its surname of great connotation. After its failure the 2017, and an electoral debate between two disastrous rounds where her unpreparedness and fever had become apparent in the face of Emmanuel Macron, Mrs. Le Pen patiently recovered and polished her speech. During a new duel with Emmanuel Macron last Wednesday, this time he resisted much better.- “Quiet France” – In essence, “national preference” has become the “national priority”, the issue of purchasing power has prevailed over migration. and identity issues, there is no longer any official issue for France to leave the EU. He blurred the lines, proclaiming himself the “best shield” of French Jews, honoring Charles de Gaulle whom the far right hated, displaying the Republic and secularism as a banner against “Islamist fundamentalism”, but judging Islam. “compatible with the Republic.” In the form, this mother of three children, twice divorced, stored her aggression, engaged in the game of intimate television confidences, evoked her love for cats. She is posing as the unifying candidate of “Quiet France” against a president of the “chaos” of Emmanuel Macron. First worried about the progress of another far-right candidate, Eric Zemmour, she took advantage of the former polemicist’s radical and outrageous speech. Repeating her identity, anti-immigration and anti-Islam issues, Zemmour (7% in the first round) helped refocus and moderate the image of Ms. Le Pen, who campaigned for purchasing power, the main concern of French during the war. in Ukraine raised prices. However, the change is just a façade, many analysts believe. “His program has hardly changed in the fundamentals of the FN such as immigration and national identity, but he has chosen another vocabulary to justify it,” said for example Cécile Alduy, a far-right specialist.- Accused of complacency with Russia – At the migration level, its program has even “hardened” since 2010, according to a recent study by the Jean-Jaurès Foundation. Marine Le Pen plans to include in the Constitution in 2022 the “national priority” that will deprive foreigners of various benefits. He also wants, like Eric Zemmour, to expel illegal immigrants, criminals and foreign criminals, those suspected of radicalization as well as foreigners who have been unemployed for more than a year. It wants to include in the Constitution the primacy of French law over international law – which would put France in a potentially unsustainable position vis-à-vis Europe – and seeks to ban the use of the veil in public space, under penalty of a fine. Internationally, Marine Le Pen is accused by her opponents of complacency with Putin’s Russia even though she condemned the invasion of Ukraine. She supports the idea of ​​”anchoring Russia in Europe” so that it does not “fall into the arms of China”. The candidate, who has forged personal ties with Russia, has also forged close ties with so-called populist leaders in central Europe, including Viktor Orban in Hungary.

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