After 20 years of existence marked by multiple twists, the Internet Explorer brand will disappear and the navigation function will be integrated into Windows 10 through the Spartan project.
In 1995, Microsoft lost the Internet switch, and a young company, Netscape, burst onto the scene with its NCSA Mosaic-based Netscape Navigator. In a famous email to the company’s top executives that later became exposed in the various lawsuits in which Microsoft was involved, Bill Gates tries to wake his own company asleep on the laurels braided by the successes of Windows and Office. Therefore, we must work hard to raise the bar and become an Internet leader to which we must grant “the most important” and who qualifies as “The biggest development that has taken place since the launch of the IBM PC in 1981”. In retrospect, Bill Gates was a thousand times right, but he did not show an early vision.
Internet Explorer 1.0 was created based on the Spyglass Mosaic browser. Microsoft had purchased an NCSA Mosaic license, but had not used it. At that time, IE was launched as an option in the first package month! of Windows 95 (this package is paying), to compete with NCSA Mosaic, and the dominant browser Netscape Navigator paying then. The aftermath is well known and Microsoft quickly swept away its fragile competitor. Microsoft then chained the versions but with a clear slowdown from 2001. It is true that the browser was given away for free and did not bring anything directly to Microsoft. Microsoft had launched a self-mocking campaign in IE6 but without much success. That’s when another competitor, Mozilla, embarked on the adventure by launching its Mozilla browser.
Following the open source movement, the Mozilla Foundation officially released the first finalized version of its Firefox 1.0 browser on November 9, 2004. Independent since July 2003, the Mozilla Foundation is a non-profit organization. “The first developments had started a few months before this date, explains Bart Decrem, of Mozilla version 1.4 which roughly corresponded to Netscape Communicator 7.2. The first step was to cut the Mozilla suite – which had become a heavy and complex product – into different functional modules: browser, messaging client, html editor, calendar, chat software.
The first result of this split was, therefore, Firefox 1.0, then described by Mozilla as “Modern browser like Opera or Safari”. In 2008, Google embarked on the browser adventure with its Chrome software followed, a year later, by Chrome OS.
The battle of the navigators
Can a browser be integrated into a browser or not? That was the question that was asked and that led in 2013 to a fine of 561 million euros imposed on Microsoft by the European Commission for abuse in an antitrust proceeding of the European Commission, for not respecting for several months his commitments on the Internet. browsers. Following the lawsuit filed by the European Union against Microsoft for abuse of a dominant position, the publisher undertook to create a website that would allow you to download Internet Explorer as well as Mozilla Firefox, Opera, Google Chrome, etc.
In the case opened in 1998 (at the time of Windows 98: the age of justice and technology are obviously not the same) that opposed Microsoft, the European Commission had accepted the commitments offered by Microsoft to allow users to choose their web browser. . In a Russian doll-like approach, PC makers are forced to install Windows on their hardware, which includes Internet Explorer. This led to a default browser choice.
The European Commission had taken a decision that made it legally binding “Commitments offered by Microsoft to boost competition in the web browser market”. According to the Commission, these commitments respond to the Commission’s concern that Microsoft’s linking of its Internet Explorer web browser to that of the Windows PC operating system could infringe EU rules on abuse of a dominant position.
A few years later, we can only realize the emptiness of this debate. In any case, Microsoft is returning to new parts by integrating the browser into its next Windows 10 operating system, which will be available from next summer. This was announced by Chris Cappossella, Director of Marketing at Microsoft, at the Convergence Conference currently being held. The operating system will also integrate Hello, the biometric recognition system
The different versions of IE
Version 1.0: August 16, 1995
Version 2.0: November 22, 1995
Version 3.0: August 13, 1996
Version 4.0: October 1997
Version 5.0: March 18, 1999
Version 5.5: July 2000
Version 6.0: August 27, 2001
Version 7.0: October 19, 2006
Version 8.0: March 19, 2009
Version 9.0: March 14, 2011
Version 10.0: October 26, 2012
Version 11.0: October 17, 2013