Keep in mind the importance of the work of scientists to publish in open access but also make your data accessible, design and maintain software, make negative results available, and so on. they are therefore essential. Thematic engine, the CNRS has also included evaluation as one of the 4 fundamental pillars of its open science roadmap. Therefore, it is incorporated completely to this Call from Paris, assures Sylvie Rousset. ” We cannot do open science without articulating the evaluation of research at all levels, local, national, European and international. “, he insists, as shown by the different witnesses during the two OSEC 2022 conferences.
Another session also discussed the future of scientific publishing. A global issue for the exchange of knowledge, it seems that progress is being made towards the coexistence of various ways of accessing open access publishing, what the National Plan for Open Science calls “bibliodiversity”: preprints including the Covid-19 crisis has shown interest and limitsopen files (such as HAL, developed in France, which just celebrated its 20th anniversary), with or without integrated or external peer review, or publications with scientific publishers with various models, including diamond publishing. ” There is a need for finesse and balance “, Defends Marin Dacos, adapting to the needs and cultures of the different disciplines and trying to make sure that the inconveniences of some paths are compensated by others, as the speakers show.
Finally, two sessions on smaller topics were the introduction and closing of the Conference. The first focused on a specific discipline, health, a ” summary of major social, health and economic issues according to Marin Dacos. The aim: to anchor the debate in a case of specific use of open science, to demonstrate its interest in both research and society. In fact, for reasons obvious and legitimate », Linked to the sensitive and private nature of individual data, today healthcare shares little data. However, these data are critical to the development of treatments and health policies, as the Covid-19 pandemic has clearly demonstrated. Therefore, open science in this field is more oriented towards controlled sharing and the possibility of making data circuits reliable, than a wide and total openness. For example, tools are being developed to help scientists report on their research in a more reliable and accessible way. Negative results should also be more publicity.
Open all search products
The last session of the Conference was, for its part, interested in a ” hitherto overlooked by open science policies »: The search software. An essential element in moving from data to knowledge, software remains an invisible product of research, its maintenance, citation and recognition is uneven. To remedy this, “iWe need to start researching this file in depth “, Explains Marin Dacos, not considering the software as a simple given and taking into account the work it requires and the disciplinary specificities, without excluding the commercial exploitation of certain software. The second French National Open Science Plan 2021-2024, led by Minister Frédérique Vidal, is committed to it and the CNRS supports the development of the open and permanent free software archive, Software Heritage.
In recognition of the value and contribution of software to science, the Open Science Awards, given for the first time at the event, put them in the spotlight, a global novelty for this type of research contribution. . Of the nearly 130 nominations, the jury chaired by Daniel Le Berre, CNRS 2018 Innovation Medal for research software widely used by industryawarded four software, with a special mention (second prize) for six more (see box). Several winners shed light on the porosity between the world of research and the socio-economic world, possible if research software is free and open.
Following the famous metaphor, Marin Dacos concludes: Open science ensures that scientists can really sit on the shoulders of the giants that preceded them, stable and complete shoulders thanks to the consideration of publications, but also of data and software. “Despite that,” Much remains to be done “He admits, citing all sorts of unrecognized search results, but” the PFUE will have given new energy to the movement to induce these much-needed transformations throughout the research ecosystem. “.