GOVERNMENT. If Emmanuel Macron was re-elected President of the Republic on April 24, Jean Castex and the government would have to resign quickly. However, another scenario arises … The Prime Minister is supposed to retain his post. What is this redesign really about?
[Mise à jour le 20 avril 2022 à 15h00] If the second round of presidential elections gives Emmanuel Macron the winner, the government around him, including his prime minister Jean Castex, will have to resign in the next few days. On Tuesday, April 19, it was Jean Castex himself who made the announcement, the day France Inter. For those who came to Matignon as head of government in July 2020 at the end of the municipal elections, the prerogatives must remain here. “After these elections, in the following days, as tradition dictates, I will present my resignation and that of the government to the President of the Republic,” he explained. However, let us not forget that a resignation does not necessarily entail a march, with the President of the Republic having the possibility of re-electing a resigning minister in office. Despite this possibility, Jean Castex hinted that he was of the opinion that he should leave the entourage of the head of state for good (if he is re-elected to the Elysee): “I am one of those who think that a new impetus must be found.” Therefore, the former Olympic Games of Mr. Government should pack quickly.
But we are never immune to a twist. In fact, Jean Castex could play the overtime. Without saying a word, the current head of government hinted that if the scenario of a Marine Le Pen victory materialized on Sunday, April 24, he would remain in office until the second round of the legislative elections, as permitted by law. “It all depends on the fate of the ballot box on Sunday,” he said, adding that there was a possible departure date. Only when Parliament is definitively constituted, traditionally, is a government over.
Who will be the new Prime Minister?
As published The chained duck on March 16, Emmanuel Macron intends to make a profound reshuffle of members of the government. According to the palmipede, which cites a source who reports comments made by the presidential candidate, “no more than four or five” ministers would be re-elected. Which corroborates his statements made a month later. No name has been leaked yet, although the first thoughts are already underway.
Among the ministers in office who could maintain their portfolios or at least a seat in government, Julien Denormandie, current Minister of Agriculture after having the City Council following a Secretariat of Territorial Cohesion, is a key piece of the puzzle for his closeness and loyalty to Emmanuel Macron. An appointment as Prime Minister would not be ruled out. Another central element with which Emmanuel Macron should compose: Sebastien Lecornu. The overseas minister, before the territorial communities, is part of the inner circle that worked upstream in the presidential campaign of the head of state and could retain the prerogatives of the government. Sometimes a third name is also mentioned: that ofAlexis Kohler, current Secretary General of the Elysee, who could enter government. From here to be the leader? Not so sure.
Because in the corridors of power, echoes suggest that two women would also be considered for Matignon: Christine Lagarde, patron of the European Central Bank, former director of the International Monetary Fund and former Minister of Economy of Sarkozy, which he himself would have proposed to Emmanuel Macron. The principal states that she does not want to leave her current position. The other name that appears is that ofElisabeth Borne. The current Minister of Labor, a former Transport Minister, could take the lead Point i Le Figaro, the latter quotes especially Christophe Castaner, head of the LREM deputies: “the two reforms considered“ impossible ”in the five-year period, on the SNCF and unemployment insurance, were piloted by Élisabeth Borne. An option that, however, may not necessarily be liked by the left in the face of the opposition that these reforms have provoked, even if it is itself of this current.
For his part, Emmanuel Macron vaguely mentioned the subject during an interview with the Figaro April 7. “In 2017, I made the unprecedented decision to appoint a prime minister who was not with me during the campaign and who was not from my political family. Then I did the same with Jean Castex,” he said. add: “You should always choose the one that seems most compatible with what you want to wear in a given period. This will mean, in any case, keep moving forward in the advances.” What to suggest that your possible future head of government would not be an LREM card?
Which ministers could be retained?
Given the current geopolitical context, a renewal of Jean-Yves Le Drian in Foreign Affairs, or even Florence Parly in the Armies, it does not seem unreasonable, like that of Bruno the mayor in Economics, who managed the management and economic recovery of the coronavirus crisis. A period during which Gabriel Attal he pointed out to the spokesperson. Hailed unanimously for the clarity of his speeches, the youngest in the government could also fit into the equation of the new government.
As for the exit, the vast majority of incumbent ministers should pack their bags, starting Jean-Michel Blanquer. In office since 2017, the Minister of National Education, Youth and Sports, although close to Emmanuel Macron, has been the subject of much criticism, he who has been especially exposed throughout the five years, while as Olivier VeranMinister of Health, who had regained control of the health crisis when the epidemic was at its peak, and whose fate is uncertain, as is that ofEric Dupond Moretti.
Who could be the new ministers?
Among the possible arrivals to a new government, nothing has been mentioned yet. Only Christine Lagarde’s hypothesis as prime minister briefly provoked some ink, which Nicolas Sarkozy slipped into Emmanuel Macron. But the former minister of Chirac and Sarkozy, and former director of the International Monetary Fund, holds the post of president of the European Central Bank: “I have a job, I have a job. I’m in Frankfurt until 2027. I have a job.” “I don’t usually give up on the road,” he said in January. The president-candidate thinks of a team in which “there will be figures who will continue to give a dynamic”, while it is made up of “a new generation” that wants to “keep going out”.
If the question of the names that will make up the future government has not yet been decided, and it should give headaches over the need to find a political balance with all the allied sensibilities, Emmanuel Macron would have promised to respect a rule he had announced that it would maintain it in 2017, before ignoring it: limiting the number of ministers, deputy ministers and secretaries of state. Seconds European 1, the president-candidate would propose limiting his government to 15 ministers, eliminating any post of deputy minister and secretary of state. He also wants to review the prerogatives of these positions by concentrating them on specific topics with a fixed schedule. Will he keep his word this time?
The government of Jean Castex
The current government led by Jean Castex was announced on July 6 and 26, 2020. Renewed by a third after the resignation of Edouard Philippe, it underwent slight changes on December 8, 2021 with the resignation of ‘Alain Griset, Minister in charge of SMEs. , convicted of “incomplete or misleading statement of his financial situation”, and on March 5, 2022 with the departure of the Secretary of State for Priority Education Nathalie Elimas (resignation after the opening of an administrative investigation for allegations of moral harassment – against his collaborators) and the Minister of Territorial Cohesion Jacqueline Gourault, a member of the Constitutional Council. All three had been replaced by members of the government already present, whose prerogatives were extended.
Jean Castex’s government will continue to run until after the second round of presidential elections. A few days after the result of the vote, the Prime Minister should submit his resignation as well as that of his government, as had Bernard Cazeneuve in 2017 (three days after the second round) or François Fillon in 2012 (four days later ). . Until the appointment of a new prime minister, he is the last incumbent prime minister to manage the day-to-day affairs of the country.
Here is the list of Castex government ministers : Jean Castex, Prime Minister, Head of Government; Jean-Yves Le Drian, Minister of Foreign Affairs of Europe; Barbara Pompili, Minister for Ecological and Inclusive Transition; Jean-Michel Blanquer, Minister of Education, Youth and Sports; Bruno Le Maire, Minister of Economy, Finance and Recovery; Florence Parly, Minister of Armed Forces and Defense; Gerald Darmanin, Minister of the Interior; Elisabeth Borne, Minister of Labor, Employment and Integration; Sébastien Lecornu, Minister of Overseas Affairs; Eric Dupond-Moretti, Minister of Justice, Guardian of the Seals; Joël Giraud, Minister for Cohesion and Territories; Roselyne Bachelot, Minister of Culture; Olivier Véran, Minister of Health and Solidarity; Annick Girardin, Minister of the Sea; Frédérique Vidal, Minister of Higher Education, Research and Innovation; Julien Denormandie, Minister of Agriculture and Food; Amélie de Montchalin, Minister of Public Service and Transformation.
List of delegated ministers: Marc Fesneau, Deputy Minister for Parliamentary Relations; Elisabeth Moreno, CEO of Gender Equality, Rights and Equal Opportunities; Frank Riester, Chief Minister of Foreign Trade and Attraction; Emmanuelle Wargon, Deputy Minister of Housing; Jean-Baptiste Djebbari, Minister of Transport; Olivier Dussopt, Deputy Minister of Public Accounts; Agnès Panier Runacher, CEO of Industry; Jean-Baptiste Lemoyne, Minister Delegate for SMEs, in charge of Tourism, French Abroad and Francophonie; Roxana Maracineanu, Minister Delegate for Sports; Geneviève Darrieussecq, Deputy Minister of Memory and Veterans Affairs; Marlène Schiappa, Minister Delegate for Citizenship; Brigitte Klinkert, Deputy Minister for Integration; Nadia Hai, Minister Delegate in charge of the City; Brigitte Bourguignon, Minister Delegate for Autonomy
Gabriel Attal, government spokesman; Sophie Cluzel, Head of People with Disabilities; Clément Beaune, Head of European Affairs; Bérangère Abba, Head of Biodiversity; Sarah El Hairy, Head of Youth and Engagement; Cédric O, head of Digital Transition and Electronic Communications; Olivia Grégoire, head of social economy, solidarity and responsibility; Laurent Piétraszewski, Head of Pensions and Occupational Health; Adrien Taquet, head of Children and Families.