The poster is the same as five years ago but some issues have taken over, emerged or disappeared. And Emmanuel Macron has to deal with his balance sheet. The two-place programs for the second round on April 24 diverge on many points. These are the main topics why.
Macron-Le Pen: Overview of measures that differ and converge. By Stephane Robert
With rising inflation, the issue was imposed on the presidential campaign through the prism of energy prices. This has, in proportion to income, the greatest impact on the budgets of the most modest households. Not to mention that it is the rise in the price of gasoline that has caused the movement of the “yellow vests”.
Marine Le Pen plans to reduce VAT from 20 to 5.5% on fuel, fuel oil, gas and electricity, which it wants to consider as basic necessities. The profit would average ten euros with a tank full of diesel. The loss for public finances, however, of about ten billion euros.
Emmanuel Macron wants him to extend his energy tariff shield if he is re-elected and to compensate financially for the “big rollers”, those who can’t do without his car. Public finances would be put to the test, the measures previously introduced by the government had already cost several tens of billions of euros.
To increase the income of the French, the two candidates also propose salary measures.
The purchasing power that the two candidates boasted. Program review by Anne-Laure Chouin
A major concern of the French according to opinion polls, ecology was not really at the center of the debates in the 1st round of the presidential election. The two candidates have in common to defend the reactivation of the French nuclear industry. While it promises to invest in solar and wind energy, by Emmanuel Macron, with, in particular, the establishment of 50 wind farms by 2050.
Marine Le Pen intends to massively develop the French renewable energy sectors (solar, biogas, wood) but without putting a euro in the development of wind energy. The National Rally candidate even wants a moratorium on wind energy.
What views on ecology? Answers with Véronique Rebeyrotte
This is a topic that is always very controversial. The so-called “systemic” reform that candidate Macron wanted in 2017 had been suspended due to the pandemic. The positions of the two candidates on the subject have been evolving in recent months and again very recently. From now on, it is on the age parameter that most of the reform proposed by candidate Macron is based: with the postponement of the legal retirement age to 65 in 2030 or 2032 Last concession made by the president-candidate: a review clause when turning. 64 (with the idea that we might finally stop there).
On the contrary, Marine Le Pen changed gears during the campaign: although she proposed lowering the retirement age to 60, she now plans to keep it at 62, but open retirement at 60. For those who started work before the age of 20 and have 40 annual contributions.
The ambitions of the French pensions in the eyes of each other. By Anne-Laure Chouin
The proposals of Emmanuel Macron and Marine Le Pen describe both the hiring and working conditions of the 5.7 million civil servants. They also outline a certain view of the role of the state and public services. Unlike in 2017, Emmanuel Macron no longer proposes a reduction in the number of civil servants. And Marine Le Pen pretends to be a public service advocate. She deplores her dismantling, which is due to her “to the attacks of Emmanuel Macron and the technocrats of BrusselsAlthough the cost of its program also provides for a 10% reduction in the operating budget of state agencies. the prefectural body and the end of the ENA endorsed by the president-candidate. on merit, an increase for those who accept new tasks.
And for public service? Clarifications by Catherine Petillon
The school is a key element of our society with its 12 million students and 800,000 teachers. At the educational level, Emmanuel Macron wants to promote the learning of French in primary and 6th grade. Ditto for math with overtime and teaching in the common core in high school.
Marine Le Pen suggests an overall 3% increase in teachers ’salaries. The National Gathering candidate promises a review of school curricula, particularly in French, math and history-geography. And it also aims to strengthen the authority of the school institution, by establishing the use of the compulsory uniform in primary and secondary schools.
School proposals analyzed by Hakim Kasmi
Culture: heritage for Marine Le Pen, the balance especially for Emmanuel Macron
And the culture in all this? Before the first round, many have already wondered about the programs of the twelve candidates. Unfortunate (constant) gap confirmed for this presidential election and despite the increase in the stakes: culture is far from appearing as a major campaign issue! Emmanuel Macron said he regretted it on our antenna, but some around him lamented his lack of dynamism in the question. He is grateful for his support during the health crisis, pledges not to reconsider the situation of intermittent workers and is committed to a strengthened cultural transition as well as the creation of an artistic metavers, a virtual world that would avoid depending on Anglo-Saxon operators. Chinese.
Marine Le Pen is committed to heritage, in particular a six-month renewable national heritage service, open to young people aged 18 to 24, on a voluntary basis and a large museum plan.
But only one word related to culture took over from both candidates: royalty. And they both want to erase it. Marine Le Pen promises the privatization of public television, when Emmanuel Macron guarantees its independence, with the track of a budget voted for five years. This reform worries many professionals, including film and television creators.
Review of the cultural programs of the two finalists by Eric Chaverou
Programs considered a “balance point”, but not the accounts
Public debt will not have been an electoral debate. The program figures for the two finalists say they are “in balance”, but expect monetary conditions to remain unchanged in the future. Is it quite realistic? Response to Marie Viennot’s Economic Bubble of April 16.
Magic money in the campaign. Marie Viennot’s economic bubble
Voluntarism, multilateralism, Europe: the world as seen by Emmanuel Macron
Since arriving at the Elysée, Emmanuel Macron has multiplied ambitious initiatives. Without being discouraged and generally unable to move the lines. If you start a new five-year term, will you opt for a more realistic foreign policy? Analysis to read here by Bertrand Gallicher.
Independence, bilateralism and “realpolitik”: the world as seen by Marine Le Pen
The vision of world affairs and France’s place on the international stage developed by Marine Le Pen during his election campaign is a total break with that of Emmanuel Macron. RN’s candidate advocates for France’s bilateral relations in a “concert of nations”. Analysis to read here by Christian Chesnot
Europe: two diametrically opposed views
A fundamental difference with 2017, Marine Le Pen no longer proposes to leave the European Union, and therefore the eurozone, and these elections are held during the French presidency of the Council of the European Union, which strengthens the European position of Emmanuel Macron. . For the national rally candidate, it is a matter of protecting France from European rules that hold back its independence, while her opponent sees the EU as an instrument of French power, and of protecting the French in globalization.
Membership in the European Union is no longer a debate, but … Marie Viennot’s perspective