On April 16, after setting a new record for 183 consecutive days in orbit, three Chinese taikonauts returned safely to Earth from outer space. China’s manned spaceflight continues to move toward its ultimate goal, serving as a living example of China’s science and technology companies going further.
Students from Zigui Experimental Elementary School in Yichang City, Hubei Province, Central China, attend the second “Tiangong Class” lesson given by Shenzhou-13 taikonauts in the computer room of the school, March 23, 2022. (Wang Huifu / Pic .people.com.cn)
Today, a new round of scientific and technological revolution and industrial reform is at the crossroads of making great strides. China has learned profound lessons from history, actively respected the trends of the time, and promoted scientific and technological innovation to seize the future and destiny of the country and the nation. . It has become a major country of scientific and technological innovation with significant international influence.
According to data from the World Intellectual Property Organization, in 2021, Chinese applicants filed 69,500 international patent applications through the Patent Cooperation Treaty, ranking first in number one. Applications for the third consecutive year. At the same time, the global ranking of China’s National Innovation Index has risen from 34th in 2012 to 12th in 2021.
On February 24, 2022, a fourth-generation tidal power generator with a unit weight of 350 tons and an output power of 1.6 MW and developed completely independently by China entered the sea in the sea area of Xiushan Island of Daishan County, Zhoushan, Zhejiang Province of East China. (Yao Feng / Pic.people.com.cn)
Behind this historic leap lies a strategic plan of great foresight, but also a powerful active projection. In today’s world, a country’s capacity for scientific and technological innovation depends to a large extent on its ability to integrate global innovation resources. Last year, Shanghai alone created 25 new foreign-funded research and development centers, reflecting China’s new trend of becoming a major global research and development field. Some international media have lamented that in this century in which the world economy is “turning east”, China has become an important place for innovation that attracts the world’s attention and attracts many professionals. in important areas of scientific research.
As for the world, great changes that have not been seen in a century have accelerated evolution, the recent outbreak of COVID-19 is having a wide and profound impact on the 21st century and global challenges are increasing day by day. To solve global problems, scientific and technological strength is the key, and openness and scientific and technological cooperation are the way. Historical experience shows that the long-term development of the world economy depends on scientific and technological innovation. To overcome the current obstacles to development, we must demand answers to scientific and technological innovation. In the face of the COVID-19 epidemic, global warming, environmental degradation, the frequency of major natural disasters, scarcity of energy resources and food insecurity, the world must also rely on technological innovation to find ways effective in dealing with it.
A girl visits the Science and Technology Museum in Bijie City, Guizhou Province, Southwest China on April 10, 2022. (Luo Dafu / Pic.people.com.cn)
Facing the needs of the times, China has relentlessly promoted international scientific and technological cooperation and insisted that all mankind benefit from its own scientific and technological innovations. Under its Strip and Route Initiative, China has established scientific and technological cooperation with 161 countries and regions, signed 114 intergovernmental agreements on scientific and technological cooperation, and begun construction of 53 joint laboratories in the Strip and Route. It has also established connections with more than 30 other countries in complex and conventional technologies for oil and gas exploration and development, power generation technologies and ultra high voltage transmission and transformation technologies, which have been effectively implemented. China is also involved in more than 200 international organizations and multilateral mechanisms related to science and technology, and is a major force in promoting the improvement of global governance of science and technology.
In the face of a new round of scientific and technological revolution and industrial reform, the world’s major countries have introduced new innovation strategies and international scientific and technological competition is unprecedented. International competition in science and technology is now the norm. Fair competition not only makes China faster and stronger, but also promotes common progress in the world. However, for some time, in order to monopolize their own scientific and technological advantages, some countries have not hesitated to generalize the concept of national security, to slow down and destroy the scientific and technological development of other countries, to politicize and militarize scientific problems. and technology.
The separation of manufacturing technologies will only hinder global scientific and technological progress. The history of the humanities has fully demonstrated that open communication is the key to exploring the frontiers of science. The first photo of a black hole made by humanity was born thanks to the joint effort of more than 200 researchers from around the world. Encouraging “technological decoupling” will only harm the development of global industries. The International Monetary Fund has warned that some countries could lose about 5% of their GDP due to technological decoupling. Currently affected by the COVID-19 epidemic and other factors, the north-south gap is widening. Countries with scientific and technological advantages should focus more on bridging the development gap through technical cooperation, rather than blocking the knowledge of developing countries.
In the context of the frequent blocking and suppression of Chinese science and technology by some countries, China can constantly promote the development of science and technology and continue to promote international cooperation in science and technology with an open attitude. ?
At the beginning of its founding, New China had to face a blockage and external technological pressure, but this never shook the confidence and will of the Chinese people to develop science and technology. In the face of escalating external pressure, China consciously sees self-sufficiency as the basis for the Chinese nation to remain in the forest of the nations of the world, and sees independent innovation as the only way to scale levels. scientists and technological heights.
China is committed to achieving a high level of scientific and technological autonomy and self-improvement, not to pursuing closed-door research and development. Looking to the future, China will promote international science and technology exchanges and cooperation with more open thinking and action, make the most of international innovation resources, strengthen innovation partnerships and work with other countries to promote progress. global science and technology and innovation.
(For Guo Jiping, for People’s Daily)