An “enterprising”, “bold”, “fearless”, “resolute”, “brave” state for the districts. This is what the elected associations want at the dawn of the next five years. Six of them (Association of Mayors of France, Association of Mayors of Ile-de-France, Association of Small Cities of France, Cities of France, Urban France and City and Suburbs) have also presented concrete proposals to the attention of the candidates. But looking at its programs, city politics doesn’t seem to be an issue. With a few exceptions.
Territorial Equity Court
Who spends most of it is without a doubt Yannick Jadot, which even makes working-class neighborhoods a “priority”. “A policy of equal rights is needed to get out of the identity debates that polarize French society. The state must restore equality between the territories and guarantee a fair distribution of its resources among each one “, writes the EELV candidate in his program.
In addition to raising the city’s policy budget to 3% of the state budget, it wants to create the territorial equity court recommended in the “Borloo” report to “ensure a fair distribution of resources”.
The EELV candidate wants theAnru and theAna become more involved in social and climate issues. Therefore, its general regulations will be modified: rehabilitation will be favored in the face of construction and demolition, which consumes twice as much material.
In addition, the environmental candidate wants to “support integration structures through economic activity in their operation, beyond aid to jobs.” The resources of local and ecological entrepreneurship support associations will be strengthened in order to allow beneficiaries access to a favorable environment and microcredit. The development of third-party sites and coworking spaces will be supported to support new forms of work.
Finally, Yannick Jadot plans to expand the priority educational model with a system of progressive allocation to public and private establishments, according to diversity criteria.
General estates of working-class neighborhoods
Next to him, Jean-Luc Melenchon announces that it wants to support the local associative fabric by maintaining grants, generalizing multi-year agreements and moving away from the logic of project calls. The “rebel” candidate also proposes to strengthen state subsidies to territories and regions lagging behind in economic and social development, and to organize the general states of working-class neighborhoods and the general states of rural areas “to build real territorial equality.” especially in public services ”.
Joan Lassalle, who also devotes a brief chapter to the subject, shares this idea of the neighborhood general assemblies in order to “develop a plan for the co-construction of city policy with the citizens, elected officials, institutional and associative actors.” He also wants to enforce the “SRU” law. As a reminder, it imposes a certain number of social housing on municipalities with more than 3,500 inhabitants (20 to 25%) for a better social mix. “In 2019, 53% of the thousand municipalities affected did not reach this threshold,” says the candidate of the Resistons!
End of the “ghettos”
Per Valerie Pécresse, the city’s political chapter is reduced to the “old roof” to “ensure a real mix.” This would limit the share of very social housing in municipalities to 30% and give more powers to mayors in the allocation of social housing. “We will destroy the ghettos of France in ten years, we will rebuild neighborhoods where life is good, where we will put beauty, good and good! he said during a trip to Meaux on March 22nd.
Candidate LR also proposes that “every euro spent in the city’s priority districts should also be spent in rural areas.” A position often defended by the National Rally.
Anne Hidalgo evokes another type of ghetto: that of the school. She wants to “restore the promise of the Republic and enable the success of all students.” To this end, he proposes that the local authorities (departmental council and academic inspection, in relation to the municipalities) adopt in each department a “mixed” plan to end the university ghettos. “They will have the responsibility, in consultation with all the actors of the educational community (teachers, parents, associations), to define the most appropriate measures in their territory (modification of the school map, multi-university sectors, etc.)”, specifies the candidate of the PS. Contracted private education will be associated with this mixed plan.
Per Eric Zemmour, city politics will simply cease to have the right to citizenship. “Under my presidency, the priority given to the suburbs will end, because so many other territories deserve the attention and financial support of the state,” he wrote in the preamble to his program. Thus, he proposes “ending the waste of city policy by redirecting the credits allocated by the ANRU to the countryside” and “reinvesting the colossal sums of city policy, invested in the neighborhood, in medium-sized renovation centers.” . peoples, peoples and peoples ”.
If the program Fabien Roussel does not directly address this issue, it should be remembered that his “Happy Days Project” is aimed primarily at the working classes. The communist candidate proposes his theory of “rushing”, which consists of increase salaries and pensions, and want to return time to school to fight inequality. The same strategy for the representative of Lutte Ouvrière, Nathalie Arthaud, whose entire program is aimed at “the working class” and proposes the revaluation of the minimum wage to 2,000 euros. Next to him, Marine Le Penwho has often denounced the failure of the city’s policy, addresses the neighborhood and its inhabitants in terms of security but also purchasing power (reduction of taxes on fuel and gas, instead of aid to families single parents, pension floor at 1,000 euros per month). , etc.).
Finally, by the outgoing president, Emmanuel Macrondespite the creation of an inter-ministerial city council in January 2021 and the release of specific funds, no line of its program directly affects urban policy.