Hence today’s article. Plug-in electric and hybrid vehicles account for only a minority of new cars sold. However, they have significantly increased their market share in recent months. So, if we compare the loading speed, how do we decide between the different models? Charging speed is important, because it will save you hours of waiting for a full charge.
Return to topic. Thus, the Twittos indicated that a family located in the same parking lot (pictured below) had been trying to charge their Toyota Plug In Hybrid for more than 15 minutes … While recharging their Tesla from 7% to 56% in the Tesla Supercharger side them during this time. We immediately see the difference in loading speed.
What are the differences between hybrids, plug-in hybrids, and electric hybrids?
Let’s start at the beginning. A so-called “hybrid” engine is a combination of a conventional internal combustion engine (mostly gasoline, but sometimes diesel) and one or more electric motors. The latter usually only works at low speeds and allows the car to run – for very short periods – in electric mode.
As for the “plug-in”, it is a hybrid system that can be recharged from the mains. The batteries are larger than in a normal hybrid. This offers a range of 100% electricity that is close to 50 km. Sufficient distance for an urban route.
The car is 100% electric, it only moves thanks to the energy of its batteries (high capacity). These feed one or more engines depending on the size and weight of the vehicle.
What is the consumption of plugs and electrical?
In terms of electricity, a standard-sized car consumes about 0.1 kWh per kilometer traveled. Knowing that a kWh consumed for recharging during off-peak hours costs € 0.20, we can estimate that the cost of recharging will be € 2/100 km. This does not take into account the possible presence of photovoltaic panels and / or bi-hour meter. In short, buying an EV is worth it.
For plug-in hybrids, the energy mix needs to be considered. For electricity, it will be a bit the same as for a 100% electric car, but here the battery is much smaller and therefore less expensive to recharge. Because it is a hybrid, it will need to be powered by either gasoline or, more rarely, diesel.
The effective consumption of a plug-in model of the average sedan type will be about 3 to 5 liters / 100 km. When the plug-in battery is empty, it only consumes the heat engine and it can easily reach 7 to 8 liters / 100 km. Even more so when it comes to SUV models, more massive.
In the end, it is quite logical, but vehicles that use both electricity and purely thermal fuels will cost more than pure electric ones. It is up to you to choose, taking into account the range of electric vehicles and recharging points available near you or during your travels.
Why aren’t the ranges announced by the manufacturers always respected?
Exactly, here we come. The issue of autonomy is crucial as it determines the frequency of your stops. The farther away you are, the more you can get out without some chance of recharging your car, at least not for a while.
Even with the new measurement cycles (WLTP standards), the consumption of all cars placed on the market is often higher, in fact, than that recorded by the manufacturers. This is even more true for plug-in hybrids. Batteries are sensitive to the cold, the weight to be transported, the way of driving but also the types of roads.
To put it simply, the worst thing for 100% electric is on the highway at 120km / h with an SUV loaded in the middle of winter. There, the loss of at least 30% of the advertised autonomy is guaranteed. On the other hand, with a (sub) urban route and adopting a “relaxed” driving style in summer, you can reach and even surpass the official figures. So, ready to try out the electrical experience?
Why do plug-in hybrids only offer between 30 and 50 km of “pure electric” range?
This is due to the size of their batteries, which are smaller. Therefore, they provide less autonomy than 100% electric models. That said, you shouldn’t buy a plug-in hybrid in the hopes of driving just electrically.
Obviously, you can do this and even keep the load for later use (in a city center, for example), but then the internal combustion engine will consume even more. In fact, this vehicle, due to the batteries, is heavier than a thermal model and therefore will tend to consume more.
To get the most out of a plug-in hybrid, off-highway, leave it in the car’s management system. The electric will come to the aid of the heat engine, as to relieve it or take its place in certain phases of driving.
The combination of the two will allow you to really consume less. But with one condition: recharge the batteries as often as possible. And you don’t have to have a special installation at home. A simple plug (reinforced if possible, costs one hundred euros) will allow you to recharge this type of battery in less than 7 or 8 hours. Time to spend a night or a day in the office.
How do you charge a plug-in hybrid vehicle or an electric vehicle?
All electric vehicles include a standard 120 V charging cable (such as your laptop or cell phone) that you can connect to your garage or garage. They can also be recharged through a specialized charging station that operates at 240 V. Many homes already have 240V for electric dryers.
You can install a 240 V charging station at home and simply connect your car to the charging station. There are hundreds of 120 and 240 V public charging stations across the country, and there are a growing number of even faster high-speed charging stations.
Watch point: Many, but not all, electric vehicles are equipped to accept high-speed fast charging.
Tip: Install a charging station right at home! Plus, to be compatible with your EV, is the safest solution. In addition, it is customizable because you can decide to automate it or, on the contrary, to control it remotely in order to adapt the load, its duration or the period (day or night).
How long does it take to charge a connected vehicle?
It depends on the size of the battery and whether you are using a normal 120 V outlet, a 240 V charging station, or a fast charger. Plug-in hybrid vehicles with small batteries can be charged in about three hours at 120 V and in an hour and a half at 240 V.
Electric vehicles with large batteries can take up to two hours to charge. Electric vehicles with larger batteries can take up to 20 hours or more at 120 V and between 4 and 8 hours with a 240 V charger. Electric vehicles with a fast charger can be 80% charged in approximately 20 minutes.
In short, it all depends on your vehicle. One thing is certain and this internet user proves it to us, nothing better than a Tesla Model 3 in loading speed!
How far can I travel with a charge?
Plug-in hybrid vehicles can travel between 10 and 50 km using only electricity before starting to use gasoline, and can then travel about 300 km (depending on the size of the fuel tank, just like any other car). Again, it all depends on the model!
Therefore, not all hybrid cars are the same. Some are content to start with electricity before running on gasoline. While others alternate more, making this “energy mix” really useful. Therefore, your choice will be based on your needs and preferences.
In addition, many carmakers have announced their intention to market electric vehicles that promise greater range and even faster charging. To our greatest satisfaction!