During the National Education mobilization on January 13, there were countless banners against Jean-Michel Blanquer. Several left-wing candidates, some of whom marched alongside the protesters in processions, have called for the minister’s departure. The opportunity for them to develop their programs in the educational field, little discussed so far.
Last September, Anne Hidalgo’s promise to double teachers’ salaries set the tone for the presidential campaign on educational proposals, ending the Grenelle Education Forum set up by Jean-Michel Blanquer. This commitment remains in effect.
“We will start with the entry price of young school teachers, which will increase to 2,300 euros. Then, in the next five years, we will review the degree grid for the duration of the degree in order to align it with the level of remuneration of teachers in Europe, which is twice that of ours ”.specifies the socialist candidate.
The other left-wing candidates are not left out. Thus, Jean-Luc Mélenchon is committed to improving 30% of all teachers, in two parts: “15% will be immediate to catch up on the index point, and 15% will be discussed with unions”, says Paul Vannier, co-presenter of the education booklet for the movement. The rebel also evokes the mandate of the current AESH, which accompanies students with disabilities.
Yannick Jadot (EELV) mentioned a 20% salary increase for teachers and, more broadly, the thawing of the index point for all civil servants, such as the communist candidate Fabien Roussel who proposes to increase. “30% of salaries in three years” in the public service.
Salaries everywhere, pedagogy nowhere
Promises far from new on the left, contextualizes sociologist Pierre Merle, author of We talk about school in 30 questions (French documentation, 2021):
“Teacher compensation is a classic issue for these candidates. In France there are about 900,000 teachers, also very present in their electorate, so there are so many potential votes at the polls.”
However, few candidates come forward to announce the cost of these ads. The sociologist deplores the promises “very ambitious that can sometimes be out of step with the country’s economic reality”.
The statements are also more allusive in terms of pedagogy: few concrete proposals, but many promises of meetings to address this issue. Yannick Jadot announces “assizes” and Anne Hidalgo “general states” on the subject.
“It is a very sensitive issue for candidates, as in France educational freedom is deeply rooted in our conception of the school system. Hence the interest in talking about consultations with teachers, instead of presenting guidelines that may be unpleasant.points out Pierre Merle.
If you don’t talk about pedagogy, Fabien Roussel develops in a column published by The world his willingness to increase his time in class, returning to 27 hours a week in first grade and gradually increasing to 32 hours in college and high school. In fact, homework would be eliminated: “What is learned for school must be learned in school”says Léon Deffontaines, the candidate’s spokesman.
All against Parcoursup
From Jean-Luc Mélenchon to Anne Hidalgo, a watchword connects all the contenders on the left: down Parcoursup! All, in fact, want to repeal the platform for guidance and assignment to higher education, set up in 2018, a real “black box” for Yannick Jadot; “Algorithm that decides your life”, according to Anne Hidalgo; On “vocational break” for Jean-Luc Melenchon. Fabien Roussel comes to evoke “Koh Lanta guidance, but no immunity totem”.
Really well ! What to do then: restore the old APB (post-baccalaureate admissions) system with its hierarchical wishes? Can you find another assignment method? Once again, candidates are closed when it comes to proposing alternatives.
“Far from going into the technical aspect, they focus on the real anxiety of students and their families, perhaps due to an ignorance of the system and its challenges.”suggests Pierre Merle.
Parcoursup? A “Koh Lanta of guidance, but without a totem of immunity”, according to Fabien Roussel (PCF)
Some nevertheless emphasize, but without giving further details, the crucial role of guidance and propose to strengthen the means of dedicated public services, as we read in the programs of the PS and insubordinate France.
On the rest of the reforms implemented by the current government, the candidates are more divided. Jean-Luc Mélenchon intends to practice the politics of the scorched earth, not only completely undoing the reform of the institute led by Jean-Michel Blanquer, but also returning to the reform of the university led by Najat Vallaud-Belkacem in 2015, to return to a more homogeneous high school.
It is necessary “end the continuous control in high school and the patent to ensure equality and anonymity of candidates”indicates your program.
” [Aujourd’hui] a college can now determine part of its teaching, a high school can define its specialties. I want the same knowledge to be taught everywhere under the same conditions to children in France. “the rebel candidate has insisted in an interview with The Obs October 13th.
Other candidates cite a more modest reform of the baccalaureate and high school reforms. If Anne Hidalgo did not comment on the question, Yannick Trigance, national secretary of education and higher education of the PS, mentioned during a debate organized in early January at the Postbac Hall. “a rebalancing of the final tests without eliminating the continuous assessment”.
A speech similar to EELV’s: “We are committed to national examinations and continuous monitoring”, explains François Thiollet, project manager of Yannick Jadot. And refute “a return to the series”the ecologist specifies that a consultation will be held throughout the educational community (teachers, students, parents, etc.) “build with them” this future institute.
Only the Communist Party speaks frankly of a return to the old formula of the playoffs, at least “In first place”says Léon Deffontaines. “Then we’ll talk to the actors. But our main idea is that there is a common core for all high school students, whether in the general, technological or professional field. »
Spells on inequalities
In his program, Jean-Luc Mélenchon describes numerous measures related to vocational training. In addition to the increase in places in these sectors and the creation of maritime establishments in the coastal departments, the rebel candidate plans to strengthen the general teachings in these teachings.
“This sector is forgotten when it represents 30% of high school students. Above all, it underwent a liberal reform and a utilitarian vision of educationPaul Vannier laments. With Jean-Michel Blanquer, these young people missed ten weeks of classes, first of all general classes. »
Like Fabien Roussel, the French rebel candidate is committed to re-establishing his professional baccalaureate in four years, compared to three today.
“The issue of vocational training is often neglected by candidates, in the same way that courses are prioritized in favor of the general institute.emphasizes Pierre Merle. However, it is not surprising that these two candidates, who claim to be from the working class, are dealing with the issue. Students in these establishments often come from these social categories. »
And because the left also has its own battlefields, all candidates certify that they want to fight educational inequalities, ensuring for example a “individual support” to fight school dropout in Anne Hidalgo.
The PS candidate and the French rebel candidate also intend to strengthen the mix by announcing, in case of victory, a new school map. Here again, left-wing candidates are struggling, for the time being, to get past the stage of good intentions.