The Center for Young Business Leaders – CJD Morocco, organized a plenary session on Saturday, March 19, in Rabat on the very timely topic of water, entitled “A water economy for a water economy life “. Thus, issues related to the effective management of water resources were addressed in the light of the worst drought in the last four decades of the Kingdom. A look back at the illuminating interventions of Houria Tazi Sadeq, Driss Benhima and Salma Bougarrani who encourage reflection for a better approach to water resources.
The CJD Morocco once again demonstrates its ability to address fair and relevant issues. Its national president, Naoufal El Heziti, during his speech, sent a strong message: “I believe that in a Momentum like ours today, in a complex world where the challenges are many … it is necessary to recover a certain number of fields It is necessary to recover the field of thought, the field of culture, the field of intellectual sovereignty, and to recover the field of education. ourselves. ”
At the same time, he reiterated the vision of the CJD: “The CJD is a space where youth is a philosophy of impact. This young man who, today, surely needs us, but tomorrow we will need them. The CJD is a movement that has always had the same concern, that of putting people at heart, understanding them, encouraging them, setting them in motion but above all empowering them. »
Read also | Diplomacy. Israel announces historic summit with Morocco, United States, UAE and Bahrain
In a context of water stress, Houria Tazi Sadeq, a lawyer and university professor specializing in environmental law, immediately stressed the “social responsibility” of everyone regarding the water problem, while emphasizing the character “multidimensional and intersectoral” of the water theme.
“We are in an arid and semi-arid country; it receives all its water from heaven. Today we also use seawater desalination, but the main resource is rain, ”he explained. According to her, the problem of water is multifactorial: “The issue of water is linked to demographics. We have a large evolving population, so demand is growing and diversifying. It also has a link to migration. There is what in ecological circles is known as “climate migration”.
Read also | A new mandate and new ambitions for CJD Morocco
“It also has a link to the energy challenge: water through energy and energy through water. Today both are problematic. There is a challenge with food security (agriculture needs water). There is also a challenge with peace and conflict. In Morocco there are 3 river basins that have 2/3 of the country’s water. There is also a health challenge: 80% of diseases are transmitted by water or water. “The specialist recommends using” multi-stakeholder platforms “for better optimization of water resources, such as COALMA, the coalition of public and private actors in water and sanitation in Morocco.” a form of government that allows for synergy and coordination. “
Driss Benhima, former CEO of RAM and ONE, among others, thinks that now we have to worry about the “rationalization of consumption”: “The supply of water for the needs of the population, agriculture and industry it no longer requires the mobilization of new resources, but the rationalization of their use. ”And to add: and finally reorienting agricultural consumption ”.
Read also | Approved the reform of the Competition Council
Driss Benhima praised Morocco’s remarkable achievements, especially in terms of dam policy: “Morocco now has 139 dams for 18 billion m3 mobilized. It is a great success. It will be one of the great achievements of modern Morocco. ” That said, he believes that we can no longer rely on dams to ensure water supply: “I believe that 80% of the interesting hydraulic installations are already equipped” … “The Moroccan state continues to budget the works while The amounts allocated would be better used in streamlining consumption. “
“We had a faster-than-expected acceleration of packaging. Protective dams need to be made to limit packaging. One idea would be to reorient dam construction budgets toward loss-reduction and regeneration budgets. Driss Benhima advocates desalination as a “mandatory short-term option.” it costs ”.
Salma Bougarrani, co-founder and managing director of Green Watech, a company specializing in rural and decentralized sanitation, addressed the issue of sanitation in rural Morocco: “In Morocco, domestic wastewater is discharged with virtually no treatment. “Moroccan rural area. Environment. The rural environment suffers from problems related to lack of sanitation. In more than 50% of the wells we analyzed we found contamination of drinking water by wastewater.”