Macron’s proposals on education crushed by unions

There is no doubt now that education will be at the heart of Emmanuel Macron’s (short) campaign for a new five-year term. During his first candidate trip to Poissy (Yvelines) this Monday, March 7, the head of state listed several avenues for the school: reform of the vocational training institute, mathematics in the common core in high school , “pedagogical freedom” …

It is not enough to reassure the National Education unions that they see in the head of state’s proposals the continuation of the reforms initiated during their first five years. And they hope to know more about the thorny issue of establishment autonomy.

Focus on the basics

According to his Minister of National Education and his creed “ read, write, count, respect others “Emmanuel Macron insisted on” fundamental knowledge “at school. But suggesting an adjustment to a flagship reform of the five-year term.” We need to strengthen our mathematical teachings […]put them back in the common core and in high school, all specialties combined “,” said the candidate, echoing the controversy surrounding the rue de Grenelle over the place of mathematics in high school. A proposal that Jean-Michel Blanquer had already announced in recent weeks.

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Sounds like a failure admission, analysis Sophie Vénétitay of Snes-Fsu. It’s just another symbol of “at the same time”: we take the math out of the common core and then put it back together. »« It is going in the right direction but we would like to see how it can materialize “, Emphasizes this teacher, fiercely opposed to the reform of the whole school.

This sudden setback is very similar to a form of demagoguery linked to the election deadline, considers for his part Laurent Zameczkowski, vice president of PEEP, a federation of parents of students. It goes a bit like a hair in the soup. It may be the right decision, but it lacks retrospective. It seems premature to me, although not long ago we were told that we were no longer able to recruit enough math teachers and that we wanted to end the math selection. “In the team of the candidate-president, it is suggested that it is a question of reinforcing the mathematics in the scientific education of the common nucleus, instead of recreating a subject by own right for all the students of first and last course.

Code and EPS

But the president is not only concerned with math and spelling. To cope with the digital transformations, the Head of State wants to develop the teaching of code from the fifth. He also wants to operate a small silent revolution “generalizing” since the beginning of the 2022 academic year »Half an hour of daily sports in the morning for primary school students. ” Thirty minutes of sports every day at school for our children between the ages of 6 and 12 means adopting a sports habit, launched Emmanuel Macron. It is to fight against sedentarism, it is to make children and adolescents who will inculcate this relationship with sport, the taste for a sport, for the practice of sport. »

Watch out for the effects of the ad! Sophie Venetitay reacts. We have the impression that Emmanuel Macron discovers that it is possible to do sports in the first grade when the teachers have been doing sports there for years. »« Rather than having ads, we need to think about the place of physical education and sport (EPS) and what we do about it. “, Says Frédéric Marchand, UNSA Secretary General of Education.

“The great reform of the vocational training institute”

An issue often overlooked in presidential campaigns, Emmanuel Macron also insisted on vocational training. Last October, Jean-Michel Blanquer himself put the issue back in focus, two years after the launch of the reform of his professional baccalaureate. The head of state obviously wants to go further. “ We need the great reform of the vocational training institute we need, in collaboration with companies he assured. There must be currents in vocational training institutes that correspond to the needs. There are too many sectors where there are no openings. Companies need to get more involved [dans les lycées professionnels]. “And for the president, we even have to act before high school, conserving” a while with 5th grade high school students, half a day a week when we bring companies to the university, who will help us orient and explain the work of tomorrow, so that the training responds to the needs. “.

READ ALSO: Before the presidential election, Blanquer wants to bet on vocational training

Proposals that blow up Pascal Vivier, general secretary of SNETAA-FO, the first vocational training union. ” We agree: we must achieve real reform of vocational training and the university recognizes the trade unionist. But for companies to go to college half a day a week is total madness. It is not knowing the reality of children at all. They are children between 11 and 14 years old. It is necessary to “educate”; teaching is a profession, you can’t improvise! »

The union leader, on the other hand, offers education to all high school students in microeconomics and production awareness. whatever it is: kitchen, wood, etc. Regarding the vocational training institute, remember that there are already 22 weeks of internships in companies. He concludes: to think that the company is redeeming for school failures is a mistake. It can be a “help”, an “axis” (business visits, conferences, presentations, etc.) but certainly not for what it can’t do: teach. Otherwise, it’s not even a bandage on a wooden leg, it’s an infected bandage on a diseased body.. »

Institutional autonomy

The president, who had just been declared a candidate, of course took the opportunity to repeat his mantra on ” freedom of the teaching staff, paving the way between lines to strengthen the autonomy of the centers. It is necessary ” decompartmentalize the school giving more resources, more remuneration and more pedagogical freedom to the teachers “Emmanuel Macron defended.

Not a surprise, believed Sophie Venetitay. Already in 2017 he mentioned in several speeches the issue of freedom and autonomy. This is one of their guidelines. We’ll have to see what that really means. We know that it looks very much at strengthening the prerogatives of the head of the establishment, particularly at hiring. For us, it is a red line that would generate disparities between territories. Following the experiments announced in September in Marseilles, the head of state mentioned in The Parisian in january “ the freedom that can be given to certain schools to build their own educational project according to their territory “.

READ ALSO: Can hiring “profile” teachers make REP establishments attractive?

We do not reject the idea that there is some form of autonomyfor his part Frédéric Marchand of UNSA. But there is concern about Emmanuel Macron’s comments about teachers. If it were to promote local recruitment, or even change the status of teachers, we would start with unacceptable things. Details will be needed. »« We are not against hiring teachers locally for his part Laurent Zameczkowski. In primary education we would like the principal of the school who is our interlocutor to be more decisive and less trapped between the inspection and the municipality. But we must be careful to preserve the public school. »

Next to the heads of establishment, we are divided. And especially with care. “ I don’t know where Emmanuel Macron comes from, autonomy is a clarification, analyzes Bruno Bobkiewicz, director and general secretary of SNPDEN-UNSA. There are two autonomies: that of the head of the establishment with the logic of hiring, the bonus of merits, etc. that we distrust. And there is the logic of the autonomy of the establishments that we have been defending for a long time, which leaves operational options for example on the time distribution to the reform of the institute. But this requires means, because choosing between nothing and nothing is autonomy. “Almost a month before the presidential election, Emmanuel Macron must get out of the blur very quickly.

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